Elisabetta Affabris

Learn More
UNLABELLED Resting CD4+ T lymphocytes resist human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Here, we provide evidence that exosomes from HIV-1-infected cells render resting human primary CD4+ T lymphocytes permissive to HIV-1 replication. These results were obtained with transwell cocultures of HIV-1-infected cells with quiescent CD4+ T lymphocytes in the(More)
Treatment of cells with interferons (IFNs) induces resistance to virus infection. The 2'-5'oligo A (2-5A) synthetase/RNase L is one of the pathways leading to translation inhibition induced by IFN treatment. A murine cDNA encoding the 43-kDa 2-5A synthetase was cloned and sequenced. NIH-3T3 cell clones transfected with this cDNA expressed the enzymatic(More)
Numerous evidence has demonstrated the involvement in growth control of interferon (IFN) regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), which shows tumor suppressor activity. IRF-1 is a well-studied member of the IRF transcription factors that reveals functional diversity in the regulation of cellular response by activating expression of a diverse set of target genes,(More)
The viral protein Nef is a virulence factor that plays multiple roles during the early and late phases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. Nef regulates the cell surface expression of critical proteins (including down-regulation of CD4 and major histocompatibility complex class I), T-cell receptor signaling, and apoptosis, inducing(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that the expression of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) Nef protein significantly influences the activation state of the host cell. Here we report that Nef specifically activates STAT3 in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). This was demonstrated by both single-cycle infection experiments driven by(More)
Monocytes/macrophages play a predominant role in the immunologic network by secreting and reacting to a wide range of soluble factors. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection leads to deep immunologic dysfunctions, also as a consequence of alterations in the pattern of cytokine release. Recent studies on in vivo models demonstrated that the expression(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) transcription factor binds to DNA sequence elements found in the promoters of type I IFN and IFN-inducible genes. Transient up-regulation of the IRF-1 gene by virus and IFN treatment causes the consequent induction of many IFN-inducible genes involved in cell growth control and apoptosis. We reported recently that(More)
It has been recently reported that the endogenous expression of HIV-1 Nef in human monocyte/macrophages induces the release of chemokines and other as yet unidentified soluble factors leading to multiple effects of pathogenic significance, such as the recruitment and activation of quiescent lymphocytes. However, the description of underlying molecular(More)
Interferon (IFN)-β inhibits cell proliferation and affects cell cycle in keratinocytes transformed by both mucosal high risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and cutaneous HPV E6 and E7 proteins. In particular, upon longer IFN-β treatments, cutaneous HPV38 expressing cells undergo senescence. IFN-β appears to induce senescence by upregulating the expression of(More)
Anticancer drug-induced tumor suppression may involve mechanisms of protection against neoplastic transformation that are normally latent in mammalian cells and consist in a genetic program implemented during anti-tumoral defense. This defense program results in the self elimination of cells harboring potentially dangerous mutations by triggering cell death(More)