Elisabetta Affabris

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Increasing evidence indicates that the expression of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) Nef protein significantly influences the activation state of the host cell. Here we report that Nef specifically activates STAT3 in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). This was demonstrated by both single-cycle infection experiments driven by(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 Nef is a virulence factor that plays multiple roles during HIV replication. Recently, it has been described that Nef intersects the CD40 signalling in macrophages, leading to modification in the pattern of secreted factors that appear able to recruit, activate and render T lymphocytes susceptible to HIV infection. The engagement of CD40 by(More)
Interferon (IFN)-β inhibits cell proliferation and affects cell cycle in keratinocytes transformed by both mucosal high risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and cutaneous HPV E6 and E7 proteins. In particular, upon longer IFN-β treatments, cutaneous HPV38 expressing cells undergo senescence. IFN-β appears to induce senescence by upregulating the expression of(More)
In newborn the innate immune system provides essential protection during primary infections before the generation of an appropriate adaptive immune response that is initially not fully operative. Innate immune response is evoked and perpetuated by molecules derived from microorganisms or by the damage/death of host cells. These are collectively known as(More)
It is now widely accepted that thyroid hormones, l-thyroxine (T(4)) and 3,3',5-triiodo-l-thyronine (T(3)), act as modulators of the immune response. Immune functions such as chemotaxis, phagocytosis, generation of reactive oxygen species, and cytokine synthesis and release, are altered in hypo- and hyper-thyroid conditions, even though for many immune cells(More)
BACKGROUND The potential role of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) accessory protein Nef in the pathogenesis of neuroAIDS is still poorly understood. Nef is a molecular adapter that influences several cellular signal transduction events and membrane trafficking. In human macrophages, Nef expression induces the production of extracellular factors(More)
Single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) expressed as "intracellular antibodies" (intrabodies) can target intracellular antigens to hamper their function efficaciously and specifically. Here we use an intrabody targeting the E6 oncoprotein of Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) to address the issue of a non-invasive therapy for HPV cancer patients.A scFv against(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a cardiovascular hormone, elicits different biological actions in the immune system. The aim of the present study was to investigate in THP-1 monocytes the ANP effect on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), cell proliferation and migration. A significant increase of H2O2-dependent ROS production(More)
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