Elisabeth Toverud Landaas

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable psychiatric disorder in children and adults. Recent meta-analyses have indicated an association between genes involved in dopaminergic signaling and childhood ADHD, but little is known about their possible role in adult ADHD. In this study of adults with ADHD, we evaluated the(More)
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders with a worldwide prevalence around 4–5% in children and 1–4% in adults. Although ADHD is highly heritable and familial risk may contribute most strongly to the persistent form of the disorder, there are few studies on the genetics of ADHD in adults. In this(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has an estimated prevalence of 3-5% in adults. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have not been performed in adults with ADHD and studies in children have so far been inconclusive, possibly because of the small sample sizes. Larger GWA studies have been performed on bipolar disorder (BD) and BD symptoms,(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adults. Many ADHD patients experience affective symptoms that resemble the cyclothymic temperament trait, which is suggested to be a part of the bipolar spectrum. However, the relationship between adult ADHD and cyclothymic temperament has(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder affecting about 4-8% of children. ADHD persists into adulthood in around 65% of cases, either as the full condition or in partial remission with persistence of symptoms. Pharmacological, animal and molecular genetic studies support a role for genes of the dopaminergic system in(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder affecting children and adults. It has been suggested that gene variants related to serotonin neurotransmission are associated with ADHD. We tested the functional promoter polymorphism 5-HTTLPR and seven single nucleotide polymorphisms in SLC6A4 for association with ADHD in 448(More)
The tryptophan hydroxylase 1 and 2 (TPH1 and TPH2) genes encode the rate-limiting enzymes in the serotonin biosynthesis. Genetic variants in both genes have been implicated in several psychiatric disorders. For attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, the results are conflicting, and little is known about their role in adult ADHD(More)
The essential amino acid tryptophan is catabolised mainly through the kynurenine pathway. Altered circulating levels of kynurenines have been reported in chronic inflammatory conditions and in several neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression and schizophrenia. Candidate gene studies suggest that genes related to the kynurenine catabolism may be(More)
BACKGROUND Temperaments are stable personality traits that can be considered subsyndromal risk factors of psychiatric illnesses. The 5-HTTLPR polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene has been found to be associated with affective temperaments, particularly the cyclothymic temperament, as measured with the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris(More)
Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder featuring complex genetics with common and rare variants contributing to disease risk. In a high proportion of cases, ADHD does not remit during adolescence but persists into adulthood. Several studies suggest that NOS1, encoding nitric oxide synthase I, producing(More)