Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve

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Stroke is the third leading cause of death, and vascular dementia the second cause of dementia after Alzheimer's disease. CADASIL (for cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) causes a type of stroke and dementia whose key features include recurrent subcortical ischaemic events and vascular dementia and(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are hamartomatous vascular malformations characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities without intervening brain parenchyma. They cause seizures and cerebral hemorrhages, which can result in focal neurological deficits. Three CCM loci have been mapped, and loss-of-function mutations were identified in the(More)
Human pathologies such as vascular malformations, hemorrhagic stroke, and edema have been associated with defects in the organization of endothelial cell junctions. Understanding the molecular basis of these diseases requires different integrated approaches which include basic cell biology, clinical studies, and studies in animal models such as mice and(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hemiplegic migraine, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by attacks of transient hemiparesis followed by a migraine headache, is classically divided into pure familial hemiplegic migraine (affecting 80 percent of families) and familial hemiplegic migraine with permanent cerebellar signs (affecting 20 percent of families).(More)
Mutations in Notch3 cause CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant adult onset arteriopathy), which leads to stroke and dementia in humans. CADASIL arteriopathy is characterized by major alterations of vascular smooth muscle cells and the presence of specific granular osmiophilic deposits. Patients carry highly stereotyped mutations that lead to an odd number(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are vascular malformations that can occur as a sporadic or a familial autosomal dominant disorder. Clinical and cerebral MRI data on large series of patients with a genetic form of the disease are now available. In addition, three CCM genes have been identified: CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2/MGC4607, and CCM3/PDCD10. These recent(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are hamartomatous vascular malformations characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities without intervening brain parenchyma. They cause seizures and focal neurological deficits due to cerebral hemorrhages. CCM loci have already been assigned to chromosomes 7q (CCM1), 7p (CCM2), and 3q (CCM3) and have been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We recently described an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized mainly by recurrent strokes and neuroimaging evidence of leukoencephalopathy. We now report the pathological findings in one of the affected subjects. CASE DESCRIPTION A 40-year-old woman experienced her first grand mal seizure in 1971. From 1983 on she suffered(More)
Formation of a fully functional artery proceeds through a multistep process. Here we show that Notch3 is required to generate functional arteries in mice by regulating arterial differentiation and maturation of vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMC). In adult Notch3-/- mice distal arteries exhibit structural defects and arterial myogenic responses are(More)
Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is an autosomal dominant variety of migraine with aura. We previously mapped an FHM gene on the short arm of chromosome 19. Mutations in this gene, recently shown to be the alpha1 subunit of a P/Q-type voltage-dependent calcium channel, CACNL1A4, are involved in approximately 50% of unselected FHM families and in all(More)