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The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety amongst multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and the associations with demographic and clinical characteristics. The current treatment for depression and anxiety was also evaluated amongst the MS patients. A total of 140 MS patients from Eastern Norway underwent(More)
Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, incurable neurodegenerative disease. As the disease progresses, motor disturbances and non-motor symptoms represent considerable illness burdens. Symptom relief is the goal for the treatment. Pain is frequently observed in patients with Parkinson's disease, but its prevalence, characteristics and associations(More)
OBJECTIVE Parkinson's disease (PD) may be caused by an enteric neurotropic pathogen entering the brain through the vagal nerve, a process that may take over 20 years. We investigated the risk of PD in patients who underwent vagotomy and hypothesized that truncal vagotomy is associated with a protective effect, whereas superselective vagotomy has a minor(More)
This article provides a short update on fatigue in Parkinson's disease (PD), focusing on measurements, prevalence, associated factors, pathophysiology and treatment. As long as there is no universally accepted definition of fatigue the definition used has to be stated. Different aspects of fatigue, namely physical-, mental- and chronic fatigue will be(More)
BACKGROUND Inconsistent findings in studies examining the association between mental health problems and mortality have suggested study design as a source of discrepancy. This study investigates if selection bias is introduced by an extensive personal interview, recruiting a healthier population, and furthermore examines the association between mental(More)
BACKGROUND Consistent with global trends, the prevalence of obesity is increasing among Norwegian adults. This study aimed to investigate individual trends in BMI (kg/m2) by age, gender, and socio-economic status over an 11-year period. METHODS A cohort of 1169 adults (n = 581 men; n = 588 women) self-reported BMI during a general health interview twice(More)
The involvement of family members in psychiatric care is important for the recovery of persons with psychotic disorders and subsequently reduces the burden on the family. Earlier qualitative studies suggest that the participation of family members can be limited by how they experience the professionals' approach, which suggests a connection to the concept(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of sleep problems in a community-based sample of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in Norway, and their associated factors. METHODS 176 consecutive PD outpatients (41% females) were included in a study of non-motor symptoms, including sleep problems. All participants responded to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE fatigue is a common, but still one of the least understood symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to investigate whether fatigue was associated with demographic-, clinical-, health-related quality of life (HRQoL)- and physical performance variables, and whether change in fatigue after treatment was associated with changes in(More)
The aim was to evaluate the inter-item consistency between corresponding items in the Functional Independent Measure (FIM) and Sunnaas index of ADL (SI) by means of a statistical approach that takes account of the nonmetric properties of ordinal data. The ADL dependence in 204 stroke patients was assessed by interview 3 months after the onset of stroke. The(More)