Elisabeth Schärer

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Bcl-2 is a mitochondrial- and perinuclear-associated protein that prolongs the lifespan of a variety of cell types by interfering with programmed cell death (apoptosis). Bcl-2 seems to function in an antioxidant pathway, and it is believed that membrane attachment mediated by a COOH-terminal hydrophobic tail is required for its full activity. To identify(More)
p53 has previously been shown to contain a transactivation domain using GAL4 fusion proteins and to bind specifically to a 33 base pair DNA sequence in immunoprecipitation assays. We show here that mammalian p53 expressed in S. cerevisiae is able to activate transcription of a reporter gene placed under the control of a CYC1 hybrid promoter containing the(More)
Polyclonal antibodies raised against the alpha- and beta-subunits of amphibian kidney Na+-K+-ATPase were used to screen an expression library from Xenopus laevis kidney epithelial cells (A6 cell line). cDNAs coding for each Na+-K+-ATPase subunit were identified and used to isolate near full-length cDNAs. The complete nucleotide sequence and the deduced(More)
Granzymes are a family of serine proteases that are harbored in cytoplasmic granules of activated T lymphocytes and are released upon target cell interaction. Immediate and complete neurite retraction was induced in a mouse neuronal cell line when total extracts of granule proteins were added. This activity was isolated and identified as granzyme A. This(More)
Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL), natural killer cells, and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells are cytolytic cells known to release the cytolytic protein perforin and a family of proteases, named granzymes, from cytoplasmic stores upon interaction with target cells. We now report the purification of an additional major 60-kD granule-associated protein(More)
A cDNA for the rabbit low Mr polymeric immunoglobulin (poly-Ig) receptor was expressed in an immortalized rabbit mammary cell line. The intracellular routing of the receptor and its cell surface expression was analyzed in stably transfected cells grown on permeable supports. Initially the cells formed a monolayer with no transmural electrical resistance.(More)
Transepithelial Na+ reabsorption across tight epithelia is regulated by aldosterone. Mineralocorticoids modulate the expression of a number of proteins. Na+,K+-ATPase has been identified as an aldosterone-induced protein (Geering, K., M. Girardet, C. Bron, J. P. Kraehenbuhl, and B. C. Rossier, 1982, J. Biol. Chem., 257:10338-10343). Using A6 cells (kidney(More)
Glycosyl-inositolphospholipid (GPL) anchoring structures are incorporated into GPL-anchored proteins immediately posttranslationally in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, but the biochemical and cellular constituents involved in this "glypiation" process are unknown. To establish whether glypiation could be achieved in vitro, mRNAs generated by transcription(More)
Transcytosis of polymeric immunoglobulin (pIg) across glandular and mucosal epithelia is mediated by a member of the immunoglobulin supergene family, the pIg receptor. During transcellular routing, the receptor is cleaved and its ectoplasmic domain, known as secretory component (SC), is released into secretions bound to pIg. Using receptor-domain-specific(More)