Elisabeth Robert

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By using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and official data on drinking water chlorination, three cohorts were identified and compared: women who lived in areas where drinking water was disinfected with chlorine dioxide, women who lived in areas that used sodium hypochlorite disinfection, and women who lived in areas where there was no chlorination of the(More)
BACKGROUND Waste-disposal sites are a potential hazard to health. This study is a multicentre case-control study of the risk of congenital anomalies associated with residence near hazardous-waste landfill sites in Europe. METHODS We used data from seven regional registers of congenital anomalies in five countries. We studied 1089 livebirths, stillbirths,(More)
Infants with cyclopia or sirenomelia are born at an approximate rate of 1 in 100,000 births. Eight malformation monitoring systems around the world jointly studied the epidemiology of these rare malformations: 102 infants with cyclopia, 96 with sirenomelia, and one with both conditions were identified among nearly 10.1 million births. Maternal age is(More)
BACKGROUND Anophthalmia and microphthalmia are serious eye malformations which recently have been associated with exposure to Benomyl. Data on these malformations are scarce in the literature and reported prevalences at birth vary strongly. METHODS Data from three large registers of congenital malformations were analysed and comprised 849 malformed(More)
We studied a large data set from three registries of congenital malformations (central-east France, Sweden, and California), a total of 954 cases, known chromosome anomalies excluded. The prevalence at birth varied significantly between programmes, probably to a large extent because of different ascertainment and inclusion criteria, from 0.76 per 10,000(More)
This study was undertaken to find a strict, unbiased epidemiological delineation of the VATER non-random association of congenital malformations and, based on registry information, to identify a group of probable VATER association infants suitable for etiological analyses. Information on 5,260 infants with multiple malformations was collected from four(More)
The goal of this article is to assess the reproductive safety of cabergoline, a new ergot derivative proposed in hyperprolactinemic disorders. Investigated in different animal species, the drug showed no teratogenic or embryotoxic effects on rabbits. Considering the dose envisaged for humans, large safety margins exist. Our sample consists of 226(More)
We studied major malformations in 5,581 infants with Down syndrome (DS) from three registers of congenital malformations. THe prevalence at birth of 23 different malformations was compared with the program-specific rates for each malformation in non-DS infants. An about 300 times risk increase was seen for annular pancreas, cataracts and duodenal atresia(More)
Electromagnetic radiations are named according to frequency or to wavelength (which is inversely proportional to frequency) and create electromagnetic fields (EMFs). Frequencies widely vary according to sources: high-voltage power lines, electrically heated beds, MRI, VDTs, microwave ovens, satellite, and radio/TV transmissions or cellular phone(More)