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Occupationally used high-frequency vibration is supposed to have negative effects on blood flow and muscle strength. Conversely, low-frequency vibration used as a training tool appears to increase muscle strength, but nothing is known about its effects on peripheral circulation. The aim of this investigation was to quantify alterations in muscle blood(More)
To evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic exercises in the prevention of bone loss, 146 untrained healthy postmenopausal women were prospectively controlled for (mean +/- SD) 3.0 +/- 1.3 yr. Eighty-two subjects aged (mean +/- SD) 61.5 +/- 6.1 yr participated in an exercise program (group 1) and sixty-four aged (mean +/- SD) 59.1 +/- 7.4 yr served as controls(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the effects of therapeutic exercise on bone density and back complaints. METHODS A randomised controlled trial with parallel groups was conducted in an outpatient clinic, Medical School, University of Vienna. Ninety two sedentary post-menopausal women with back problems were randomly allocated to either exercise (groups 1 and 2) or(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Endoscopic screening for sporadic colorectal cancer relies in part on the detection of adenomatous polyps. Nonpolypoid adenomas or flat dysplasia may go unrecognized by conventional endoscopy. This study attempted to develop and test a novel endoscopic method for detecting polypoid and nonpolypoid colonic adenomas. METHODS Colectomy(More)
In a cross-sectional study the effects of several nutritional factors on the manifestations of osteoporosis were investigated in 23 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 70 years. Twelve women (group 1) with osteoporosis and eleven healthy control subjects (group 2) were instructed to keep a seven-day nutritional record. Body mass index (BMI) was recorded, and(More)
A number of factors with known effects on bone turnover are also immune regulatory factors. Disturbances of bone remodeling thus may be a consequence of altered local immune reactivity. We therefore determined surface markers and intracellular cytokine production of peripheral blood mononuclear cells by four-color flow cytometry in 19 postmenopausal(More)
Bisphosphonates are very frequently prescribed to women suffering from postmenopausal osteoporosis with or without fragility fractures. The present review was aimed to update the available information on the most efficient treatment duration. Studies on bisphosphonate treatment duration were identified by Medline up to January 2013. Bisphosphonates are very(More)
Low bone mass, functional impairment, low muscle strength, and postural instability are predictors of the risk of fracture in an elderly person. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional impact of an unvarying long-term exercise program to be carried out at home. The exercises had been shown to delay bone loss in an elderly population. At(More)
Pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important role in maintaining urinary continence with increasing age. Therefore, their contractile properties need to be evaluated. The aim of the study was to examine the reliability and correlation of simple techniques to measure PFM strength in elderly women with urinary incontinence. An interview was used to evaluate(More)
The objective of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis is to improve axial stability through improvement of muscle strength. Therefore, a back extension exercise program specific to one's musculoskeletal competence and pain can be performed in a sitting position and later advanced to the prone position. When fragility is resolved, back extension is(More)