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'Sniffin' Sticks' is a new test of nasal chemosensory performance based on pen-like odor dispensing devices. It comprises three tests of olfactory function, namely tests for odor threshold (n-butanol, testing by means of a single staircase), odor discrimination (16 pairs of odorants, triple forced choice) and odor identification (16 common odorants,(More)
"Sniffin' Sticks" is a test of nasal chemosensory performance that is based on penlike odor-dispensing devices. It is comprised of three tests of olfactory function: tests for odor threshold, discrimination and identification. Previous work has already established its test-retest reliability and validity in comparison to established measures of olfactory(More)
We propose a histopathological classification system for hippocampal cell loss in patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsies (MTLE). One hundred and seventy-eight surgically resected specimens were microscopically examined with respect to neuronal cell loss in hippocampal subfields CA1-CA4 and dentate gyrus. Five distinct patterns were(More)
PURPOSE Autonomic seizures in temporal lobe epilepsies associated with "cold shivers and goose bumps" as a principal ictal sign or aura have only rarely been studied. METHODS Sixteen patients with autonomic auras [cold shivers or cold sweats (n=11), goose bumps (n=4), one patient showed both ictal signs] were analyzed. RESULTS Lesions were detected in(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in chronic, intractable temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) and characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in major hippocampal segments. Another histopathological hallmark includes granule cell dispersion (GCD), an architectural disturbance of the dentate gyrus encountered in approximately 50% of(More)
OBJECTIVE The placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study was performed to investigate dose-related effects of oxymetazoline on olfactory function during the course of the spontaneously occurring cold. METHODS Drug effects were assessed using olfactory/ trigeminal event-related potentials (ERPs) and psychophysical measures (intensity ratings, odor(More)
BACKGROUND Fever after acute cerebral injury is associated with unfavorable functional outcome and increased mortality, but there is controversy about the optimal antipyretic treatment. This study investigated an institutional standard operating procedure (SOP) for fever treatment in stroke patients including a sequence of pharmacologic and physical(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether there are changes of the nociceptive system in patients with chronic inflammatory joint pain. A pain model was used which is based on the recording of cortical chemo-somatosensory event-related potentials (CSSERP) after nociceptive stimulation of the nasal mucosa with gaseous carbon dioxide (CO(2)).(More)
Epilepsy surgery in the left temporal lobe is associated with a high risk of naming decline. In the present study, in 45 patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and confirmed left hemisphere language dominance, 13 (29%) patients demonstrated postoperative decrement >or=5 naming failures in the Boston Naming Test (BNT). Multivariate discriminant(More)
PURPOSE Long-term epilepsy associated tumors (LEATs) are a frequent cause of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A reliable tumor diagnosis has an important impact on therapeutic strategies and prognosis in patients with epilepsy, but often is difficult by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) only. Herein we analyzed a large LEAT cohort investigated by(More)