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'Sniffin' Sticks' is a new test of nasal chemosensory performance based on pen-like odor dispensing devices. It comprises three tests of olfactory function, namely tests for odor threshold (n-butanol, testing by means of a single staircase), odor discrimination (16 pairs of odorants, triple forced choice) and odor identification (16 common odorants,(More)
"Sniffin' Sticks" is a test of nasal chemosensory performance that is based on penlike odor-dispensing devices. It is comprised of three tests of olfactory function: tests for odor threshold, discrimination and identification. Previous work has already established its test-retest reliability and validity in comparison to established measures of olfactory(More)
We propose a histopathological classification system for hippocampal cell loss in patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsies (MTLE). One hundred and seventy-eight surgically resected specimens were microscopically examined with respect to neuronal cell loss in hippocampal subfields CA1-CA4 and dentate gyrus. Five distinct patterns were(More)
PURPOSE Autonomic seizures in temporal lobe epilepsies associated with "cold shivers and goose bumps" as a principal ictal sign or aura have only rarely been studied. METHODS Sixteen patients with autonomic auras [cold shivers or cold sweats (n=11), goose bumps (n=4), one patient showed both ictal signs] were analyzed. RESULTS Lesions were detected in(More)
BACKGROUND The hippocampal formation is essentially involved in the formation of conscious memories for facts and events and neurologic diseases affecting the hippocampus associate with severe memory deficits, i.e., temporal lobe epilepsies. METHODS We studied the degree of declarative memory dysfunction in 24 human subjects with unilateral mesial(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in chronic, intractable temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) and characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in major hippocampal segments. Another histopathological hallmark includes granule cell dispersion (GCD), an architectural disturbance of the dentate gyrus encountered in approximately 50% of(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether there are changes of the nociceptive system in patients with chronic inflammatory joint pain. A pain model was used which is based on the recording of cortical chemo-somatosensory event-related potentials (CSSERP) after nociceptive stimulation of the nasal mucosa with gaseous carbon dioxide (CO(2)).(More)
Epilepsy surgery in the left temporal lobe is associated with a high risk of naming decline. In the present study, in 45 patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and confirmed left hemisphere language dominance, 13 (29%) patients demonstrated postoperative decrement >or=5 naming failures in the Boston Naming Test (BNT). Multivariate discriminant(More)
Focal Cortical Dysplasias (FCDs) present with a large clinicopathological spectrum. FCDs are believed to relate directly to an epileptogenic condition, although seizure control by surgical resection is variable. This applies in particular to young children with multilobar FCDs, suffering from severe epilepsies and psychomotor retardation. Herein, we(More)
Accurate knowledge of the frequency of epileptic seizures is a precondition for evaluating the efficacy of pharmacotherapy. It is a well-known fact that the information provided by epilepsy patients about the number of seizures they experience is often unreliable. In the present study, we aimed to identify predictors of a higher risk of unrecognized events.(More)