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Polycomb group proteins (PCGs) are involved in repression of genes that are required for stem cell differentiation. Recently, it was shown that promoters of PCG target genes (PCGTs) are 12-fold more likely to be methylated in cancer than non-PCGTs. Age is the most important demographic risk factor for cancer, and we hypothesized that its carcinogenic(More)
Various molecular markers have been used for the detection of circulating breast cancer cells in blood by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Using nested RT-PCR, we compared the specificity and sensitivity of human mammaglobin (hMAM), epidermal-growth-factor receptor (EGF-R), and cytokeratin 19 (CK-19) expression as markers for(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is a major regulatory pathway of protein degradation and plays an important role in cellular division. Fbxw7 (or hCdc4), a member of the F-box family of proteins, which are substrate recognition components of the multisubunit ubiquitin ligase SCF (Skp1-Cdc53/Cullin-F-box-protein), has been shown to mediate the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed a possible role for the human papillomavirus (HPV) in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. In this study, patients having both a history of invasive cervical cancer and breast cancer as second primary cancer were selected for enrolment in a study of breast carcinomas for the presence of HPV. METHODS Paraffin-embedded(More)
We have generated DNA methylation profiles of 148 human breast tumors and found significant differences in hormone receptor (HR) status between clusters of DNA methylation profiles. Of 35 DNA methylation markers analyzed, the ESR1 gene, encoding estrogen receptor alpha, proved to be the best predictor of progesterone receptor status, whereas methylation of(More)
PURPOSE The major obstacle in treating ovarian cancer is the rapid development of platinum resistance during therapy. Deregulation of members of the E2F family of transcription factors is crucially involved in carcinogenesis and probably in mechanisms underlying platinum resistance. We therefore investigated the relevance of the whole set of E2F family(More)
This study was designed to assess intraobserver and interobserver agreement in the diagnosis of 56 endometrial specimens by five European expert gynecologic pathologists using the WHO classification and to establish which histologic features are significantly associated with each classification category. The seven categories were simple hyperplasia, complex(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to determine the clinical role of the p53 family members p53 and p73 in the responsiveness to platinum-based chemotherapy and survival in ovarian cancer, considering their cross-talk and the p53 polymorphism at codon 72. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A detailed analysis of p53 and p73 in a series of 122 ovarian cancers was done. We used a(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of mutated p53 in malignant cells can lead to the generation of anti-p53 autoantibodies in the serum and other body fluids of cancer patients. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative serum and ascitic anti-p53 antibodies in advanced ovarian carcinoma. METHODS In 113 ovarian(More)
The overexpression of the protooncogene c-erbB-2 (HER-2/neu) in ovarian and mammary carcinoma is an important indicator for a bad prognosis. In this study we demonstrate that, in three of four ovarian carcinoma cell lines, there is a gamma-interferon-mediated reduction in c-erbB-2 specific protein, and this effect was found to correlate with the(More)