Elisabeth Millanvoye-Van Brussel

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The causal relationships between cytosolic free-Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) increases and production of nitric oxide (NO) have been investigated mostly with indirect methods and remain unclear. Here we demonstrate, by direct real-time measurements of [NO] with a porphyrinic microsensor, that Ca2+ entry, but not an increase in [Ca2+]i, is required for(More)
The effects of the imidazole compound SK&F 96365 on Ca2+ movements and production of nitric oxide (NO) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) have been investigated in human endothelial cells. Changes in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were measured with Fura-2. Real-time production of NO was monitored with a porphyrinic microsensor and the release of vWF(More)
Genetic hypertension has been proposed to be associated with impaired lipid metabolism. To investigate whether lipid metabolism is altered in young rats of the spontaneously hypertensive Okamoto strain (SHR), we have compared the phospholipid fatty acid content and metabolism in cultured heart myocytes and fibroblasts from SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto(More)
To study the action of some new cardiotonic drugs, the 4-, 5-, and 6-pyridyl-2(1H)-quinolone series, on the fast Na+ channel, we compared the effects of eight compounds of this series and milrinone on 22Na uptake in rat brain synaptosomes and in rat heart muscle cells in culture. The action of tetrodotoxin, a specific Na+ channel blocker, on the positive(More)
Catecholamines are known to exert deleterious effects on heart cells and to provoke biochemical alterations similar to those observed during myocardial infarction. In order to investigate the mechanisms of these effects, we have studied in cultures of muscle (M) and fibroblast-like (F) cells derived from newborn rat hearts, the action of isoproterenol on(More)
Endothelial membrane-bound thrombomodulin is a high affinity receptor for thrombin to inhibit coagulation. We previously demonstrated that the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex restrains cell proliferation mediated through protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1. We have now tested the hypothesis that thrombomodulin transduces a signal to activate the endothelial(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that, unlike cholesterol, cholesterol oxidized at position 7 can reduce the maximal endothelium-dependent relaxation of isolated rabbit aortas (Circulation. 1997;95:723-731). The aim of the current study was to determine whether cholesterol oxides reduce the release of nitric oxide (NO) from human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
Three indexes of partial oxygen deprivation, i.e. hypoxanthine, alpha HBDH and CK, were investigated in rat heart cell cultures, 7 day-old. Enzyme release in the medium and hypoxanthine uptake by the cells pointed out both oxygen and glucose deprivation, which modelized ischemia. Conversely, hypoxanthine release pointed out oxygen deprivation, in the(More)
Intravenous gamma-immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) is commonly used in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory vascular disorders to prevent thrombotic complications. The mechanism of action of i.v.Ig is, however, not yet elucidated. In view of this, we investigated the ability of i.v.Ig to modulate i) Ca(2+) signals of fura-2 loaded endothelial cells, and ii)(More)