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Learning causes a change in how information is processed by neuronal circuits. Whereas synaptic plasticity, an important cellular mechanism, has been studied in great detail, we know much less about how learning is implemented at the level of neuronal circuits and, in particular, how interactions between distinct types of neurons within local networks(More)
The investigation team. First cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections in France, investigations and implications for the prevention of human-to-human In May 2013, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection was diagnosed in an adult male in France with severe respiratory illness, who had travelled to(More)
The use of antibiotics - including the over- and misuse - in human and veterinary practices selected for resistant pathogens and led to their emergence and dissemination along with the transmission of resistant bacteria. The aim of this article is to prescribe the prerequisites for the surveillance of antibiotic use and bacterial resistance, to explain(More)
We evaluated the epidemiology of and trends in primary nosocomial candidemia within a network of 682 German intensive care units (ICUs) during 2006 to 2011. Nosocomial laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (NLCBI) was diagnosed using standard definitions from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Incidences were calculated by(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) colonisation among healthy infection control personnel and to determine risk factors for ESBL or VRE colonisation within this group. METHODS Participants were recruited at an infection control symposium in(More)
BACKGROUND For surveillance of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) and pneumonia during neutropenia in adult patients who have undergone bone marrow transplantation (BMT) or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT), a multicenter study--the Hospital Infection Surveillance System for Patients with Hematologic/Oncologic Malignancies(More)
Durch das „Gesetz zur Änderung des Infektionsschutzgesetzes und anderer Gesetze“ vom 28. Juli 2011 (BGBL. I S. 1622) wurde die Verpflichtung von Leitern von Krankenhäusern und von Einrichtungen für ambulantes Operieren zur Überwachung von Erregern mit besonderen Resistenzen und von Krankenhausinfektionen auf das kontinuierliche Monitoring des(More)
INTRODUCTION In the time of increasing resistance and paucity of new drug development there is a growing need for strategies to enhance rational use of antibiotics in German and Austrian hospitals. An evidence-based guideline on recommendations for implementation of antibiotic stewardship (ABS) programmes was developed by the German Society for Infectious(More)
Conservative testing revealed a stable antibiotic resistance situation for Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae in 32 German intensive care units (ICUs) actively participating in the SARI (surveillance of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in ICUs) project over a(More)
BACKGROUND Infections with multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria are hard to treat and cause high morbidity and mortality. The direct transmission of such pathogens is well documented, and measures to protect other patients would seem indicated. Nonetheless, evidence-based recommendations are not yet available because of insufficient data from clinical(More)