Elisabeth Maurer-Spurej

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The level of uptake and retention of amino-containing drugs in large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) following uptake in response to a transmembrane pH gradient (DeltapH) can vary dramatically depending on the drug. For example, the anticancer drugs doxorubicin and epirubicin can be readily retained, whereas the anticancer drug vincristine and the antibiotic(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate the effects of long-term clopidogrel and aspirin administration on platelet aggregation, activation, and inflammation. BACKGROUND Clopidogrel resistance was described in 15% to 30% of patients with short-term therapy, but its antiplatelet effects with long-term therapy is unknown. METHODS We performed a(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a heterogeneous group of new antidepressants that cause a well documented acquired but reversible serotonin deficiency in blood platelets. Platelets are small, anucleate cells and are the only blood cells specialized in storing peripheral serotonin. Platelets are also an integral part of the hemostatic(More)
Because the initial decrease in light transmission in platelet aggregometry is attributed to platelet shape change, it is widely held that platelet shape change is a prerequisite for platelet aggregation. We conducted this study to determine the basis of this initial optical effect in aggregometry. Platelets were activated with ADP, thrombin, or the(More)
Clinical depression has been proposed to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. While it is suggested that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) reduce the risk of acute cardiovascular problems of depressed patients, the effect of SSRIs on platelets, the only blood cells committed to serotonin (5-HT) transport, remains largely(More)
OBJECTIVE It is very challenging to make an unbiased diagnosis of psychiatric illness. Platelets have long been proposed as easily obtainable, neurological models of serotonergic neurons. This study examined whether a new measurement for platelet serotonin could aid in the diagnosis of postpartum depression and support the results from questionnaires. (More)
BACKGROUND A reduced response to aspirin and clopidogrel predicts ischemic events, but reliable tests are needed to identify low responders. We compared 3 platelet-function tests during long-term dual treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel. METHODS Patients who underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention and were receiving a combination of 325 mg/day(More)
The binding of 125I-C1q to anionic liposomes was studied as a function of protein concentration, pH, ionic strength, and anionic lipid composition. The maximum amount of protein bound per micromole of lipid was very sensitive to electrostatic factors, increasing strongly with decreased pH and ionic strength or increased anionic lipid content. The apparent(More)
There are no generally accepted definitions for low-response (frequently called resistance) to the platelet inhibitors, aspirin and clopidogrel. Low-response may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in atherosclerotic patients. We aimed to define the normal drug responses in healthy men. Platelet function was measured in 20 healthy men during 11 days(More)
BACKGROUND A clinically meaningful test for platelet (PLT) quality could improve the transfusion management of patients. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether a new measure of PLT quality and function based on dynamic light scattering (DLS) correlates with transfusion outcome. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS For a total of 160 transfusions, the(More)