Elisabeth Maurer-Spurej

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Clinical depression has been proposed to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. While it is suggested that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) reduce the risk of acute cardiovascular problems of depressed patients, the effect of SSRIs on platelets, the only blood cells committed to serotonin (5-HT) transport, remains largely(More)
The level of uptake and retention of amino-containing drugs in large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) following uptake in response to a transmembrane pH gradient (DeltapH) can vary dramatically depending on the drug. For example, the anticancer drugs doxorubicin and epirubicin can be readily retained, whereas the anticancer drug vincristine and the antibiotic(More)
BACKGROUND The level and clinical importance of platelet (PLT)-derived microparticles (PMPs) in PLT-rich plasma (PRP) and PLT transfusions is largely unknown due to the lack of technology to routinely determine the number and size of PMP in PLT samples. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) is ideally suited to measure particles of submicron size but has(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate the effects of long-term clopidogrel and aspirin administration on platelet aggregation, activation, and inflammation. BACKGROUND Clopidogrel resistance was described in 15% to 30% of patients with short-term therapy, but its antiplatelet effects with long-term therapy is unknown. METHODS We performed a(More)
Because the initial decrease in light transmission in platelet aggregometry is attributed to platelet shape change, it is widely held that platelet shape change is a prerequisite for platelet aggregation. We conducted this study to determine the basis of this initial optical effect in aggregometry. Platelets were activated with ADP, thrombin, or the(More)
BACKGROUND A reduced response to aspirin and clopidogrel predicts ischemic events, but reliable tests are needed to identify low responders. We compared 3 platelet-function tests during long-term dual treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel. METHODS Patients who underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention and were receiving a combination of 325 mg/day(More)
There are no generally accepted definitions for low-response (frequently called resistance) to the platelet inhibitors, aspirin and clopidogrel. Low-response may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in atherosclerotic patients. We aimed to define the normal drug responses in healthy men. Platelet function was measured in 20 healthy men during 11 days(More)
The role of circulating serotonin is unclear and whether or not serotonin is present in the blood of non-mammalian species is not known. This study provides the first evidence for the presence of serotonin in thrombocytes of birds and three reptilian species, the endothermic leatherback sea turtle, the green sea turtle and the partially endothermic American(More)
OBJECTIVE It is very challenging to make an unbiased diagnosis of psychiatric illness. Platelets have long been proposed as easily obtainable, neurological models of serotonergic neurons. This study examined whether a new measurement for platelet serotonin could aid in the diagnosis of postpartum depression and support the results from questionnaires. (More)
A method for the rapid, inexpensive and easy detection of platelet serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is not currently available. Consequently, many patients suffering from unresolved platelet-related bleeding disorders are not examined for a possible platelet 5-HT deficiency. The direct measurement of 5-HT concentration with high-performance liquid(More)