Elisabeth Magel

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In temperate regions the annual pattern of wood development is characterized by the formation of radially narrow and thick walled latewood cells. This takes place at the later part of the growing season when cambial cell division declines. To gain new insight into the regulation of this process, micro-analytical techniques were used to visualize the(More)
The distributions of reserve carbohydrates and of three dominant heartwood extractives were determined in the trunkwood of Robinia pseudoacacia L. The trees were cut at different times of the year (September, November, January, and April). With the exception of the tree felled in January, all trunks exhibited highest contents of nonstructural storage(More)
The presence of sucrose synthesizing and degrading enzymes and the correlation of their enzyme activity with cambial growth and heartwood formation are demonstrated in trunks of Robinia pseudoacacia L., black locust. Sucrose is formed by sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS; EC 2.4.1.14), predominantly in the storage part of the sapwood. In the cambial(More)
Heartwood formation is generally characterized by the accumulation of phenolic substances that increase the natural color and durability of wood. Although there is evidence that these substances are synthesized in aging sapwood cells, little is known about heartwood formation at the molecular level. We monitored seasonal changes in flavanol concentration(More)
Chlorophyll, organic (citric and malic acids) and abscisic acid (ABA) contents and stem water potential were measured to indicate possible physiological effects of heavy metal deposition on Empetrum nigrum L. (crowberry). The leaves and stems of E. nigrum were collected at distances of 0.5 and 8 km from the Cu-Ni smelter at Harjavalta, south-west Finland.(More)
The activities of two key enzymes in flavonoid biosynthesis, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, E.C. 4.3.1.5) and chalcone synthase (CHS, E.C. 2.3.1.74) were determined in the trunkwood of Robinia pseudoacacia L. The trees under investigation were cut at different times of the year (September, November, January and April). At all times PAL is active, both in(More)
In the present study, important components of carbon metabolism of mature leaves of young poplar trees (Populus x canescens) were determined. Carbohydrate concentrations in leaves and xylem sap were quantified at five different times during the day and compared with photosynthetic gas exchange measurements (net assimilation, transpiration and rates of(More)
Nuclear histones bind to and precipitate the major contractile proteins, actin and myosin. The binding of histone to actin seems to reach saturation at 2:1 ratio, the interaction may serve some regulatory function(s) in intranuclear events. The binding of histone to myosin is not saturable, and, although it inhibits the actin-activated Mg2+-dependent myosin(More)
With regard to mycorrhiza, conflicting theories try to explain how the balance between fungal demand for carbohydrates and the plant’s needs for nutrients varies, resulting in conflicting predictions. In order to evaluate current concepts, we investigated some metabolic parameters, which are indicative for plant carbon allocation in response to(More)
The vascular cambium is the meristem in trees that produce wood. This meristem consists of two types of neighbouring initials: fusiform cambial cells (FCCs), which give rise to the axial cell system (i.e. fibres and vessel elements), and ray cambial cells (RCCs), which give rise to rays. There is little molecular information on the mechanisms whereby the(More)