Elisabeth M. Hughes

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Low-level generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by endothelial cells in response to a variety of stimuli has been observed; however, the enzyme system responsible is unknown. Using a variety of techniques, we examined for components of the phagocyte superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase to elucidate whether this enzyme could be a source of(More)
Cognitive aids (CA), including emergency manuals and checklists, are tools designed to assist users in prioritizing and performing complex tasks during time sensitive, high stress situations (Marshall in Anesth Analgesia 117(5):1162–1171, 2013; Marshall and Mehra in Anaesthesia 69(7):669–677, 2014). The society for pediatric anesthesia (SPA) has developed a(More)
The organization and transcriptional control of chromosomal cat genes (required for dissimilation of catechol by the beta-ketoadipate pathway) in the Pseudomonas putida biotype strain (ATCC 12633) are reported. Nucleotide sequence reveals that catR is separated by 135 bp from the divergently transcribed catBC,A; catC begins 21 nucleotides downstream from(More)
A study of the degradation of phenol, p-cresol, and m- and p-toluate by Alcaligenes eutrophus 345 has provided evidence that these compounds are metabolized via separate catechol meta-cleavage pathways. Analysis of the enzymes synthesized by wild-type and mutant strains and by strains cured of the plasmid pRA1000, which encodes m- and p-toluate degradation,(More)
Beta-Ketoadipate elicits expression of five structural pca genes encoding enzymes that catalyse consecutive reactions in the utilization of protocatechuate by Pseudomonas putida. Three derivatives of P. putida PRS2000 were obtained, each carrying a single copy of Tn5 DNA inserted into a separate region of the genome and preventing expression of different(More)
Alcaligenes eutrophus 335 (ATCC 17697) metabolizes phenol and p-cresol via a catechol meta-cleavage pathway. Studies with mutant strains, each defective in an enzyme of the pathway, showed that the six enzymes assayed are induced by the primary substrate. Studies with a putative polarity mutant defective in the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase suggested(More)
Alcaligenes eutrophus wild-type strain 345 metabolizes m- and p-toluate via a catechol meta-cleavage pathway. DNA analysis, curing studies, and transfer of this phenotype by conjugation and transformation showed that the degradative genes are encoded on a self-transmissible 85-kilobase plasmid, pRA1000. HindIII and XhoI restriction endonuclease analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Novel tuberculosis vaccines should be safe, immunogenic, and effective in various population groups, including HIV-infected individuals. In this phase II multi-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, the safety and immunogenicity of the novel H1/IC31 vaccine, a fusion protein of Ag85B-ESAT-6 (H1) formulated with the adjuvant IC31, was(More)
INTRODUCTION Cognitive aids (CAs), including emergency manuals and checklists, have been recommended as a means to address the failure of healthcare providers to adhere to evidence-based standards of treatment during crisis situations. Unfortunately, users of CAs still commit errors, omit critical steps, fail to achieve perfect adherence to guidelines, and(More)