Elisabeth Lampe

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During 1990 and 1991, dengue fever was detected in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It occurred in two epidemic waves; one, from January to August 1990, caused predominantly by dengue virus type 1 (DEN-1) the other from October 1990 to May 1991 caused by type 2 virus (DEN-2). Dengue was confirmed by virus isolation and/or IgM capture enzyme-linked(More)
Two adsorption-elution concentration methods, both involving negatively charged membranes, were evaluated in order to monitor hepatitis A virus (HAV) contamination in tap, river, mineral and coastal water samples: elution with urea-arginine phosphate buffer/reconcentration with magnesium chloride (method 1); and sodium hydroxide elution/reconcentration with(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) isolates from around the world have been classified into seven genotypes (I-VII). Most human strains belong to genotype I, which has been divided into two subgenotypes, A and B. South America has provided a small number of strains studied at the genome level. In the present study, IgM anti-HAV antibodies were detected in 116 out of(More)
The Northeast region is the location of most cases of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) in Brazil. In the present study, the genotypes of HAV strains from Pernambuco State, one of most populous states in the Northeast region, were characterized. Blood samples positive for anti-HAV IgM from 145 individuals (mean age = 29.1 years), collected during 2002 and 2003,(More)
TT virus (TTV) is an unenveloped virus with a single-stranded, circular DNA genome of 3,818-3,853 nucleotides (nt) that infects humans and non-human primates. Recently, the existence of a novel human virus, TTV-like mini virus (TLMV), that shows a genetic organization similar to that of TTV, but with smaller virion particle and genome, was proposed(More)
The epidemiology of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is shifting from high to intermediate endemicity in Brazil, resulting in increased numbers of susceptible individuals and a greater potential for the emergence of outbreaks. Universal vaccination against HAV has been recommended for children, but updated sero-epidemiological data are necessary to analyze(More)
Testing of the DNA of TT virus (TTV) was done with serum samples obtained from 191 persons working in a public hospital of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. TTV DNA was detected by PCR in the sera of 125 (65.4%) individuals. PCR products were cloned, and sequences with a length of 159 bases surrounding the TATA signal region were determined for 100 clones(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been a significant problem for hemodialysis patients. However this infection has declined in regions where the screening for anti-HCV in blood banks and hemodialysis-specific infection control measures were adopted. In Brazil, these measures were implemented in 1993 and 1996, respectively. In addition, all studied units have(More)