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Similar to nucleated cells, erythrocytes may undergo suicidal death or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage, cell membrane blebbing and cell membrane phospholipid scrambling. Eryptotic cells are removed and thus prevented from undergoing hemolysis. Eryptosis is stimulated by Ca(2+) following Ca(2+) entry through unspecific cation channels.(More)
Turkey erythrocyte membranes showed specific binding of [(3)H]epinephrine. The concentration of hormone required for half-maximal binding (30 muM) was the same as that required for half-maximal activation of the adenylate cyclase located in the same membrane preparation. The binding reaction at 37 degrees C reached completion during the first minute of(More)
Suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis is characterized by erythrocyte shrinkage, cell membrane blebbing, and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface. Triggers of eryptosis include Ca(2+) entry, ceramide formation, stimulation of caspases, calpain activation, energy depletion, oxidative stress, and(More)
Benzethonium, an antimicrobial surfactant widely used as preservative of pharmaceuticals, topical wound care product and oral disinfectant, triggers apoptosis of several cell types. The apoptosis is preceded and possibly triggered by mitochondrial depolarization. Even though lacking mitochondria, erythrocytes may similarly undergo suicidal cell death or(More)
p38 protein kinase is activated by hyperosmotic shock, participates in the regulation of cell volume sensitive transport and metabolism and is involved in the regulation of various physiological functions including cell proliferation and apoptosis. Similar to apoptosis of nucleated cells, erythrocytes may undergo suicidal death or eryptosis, which is(More)
SUMMARY Suicidal erythrocyte death (eryptosis) is characterized by cell shrinkage, cell membrane blebbing, and cell membrane phospholipid scrambling with phosphatidylserine exposure at the cell surface. Eryptotic cells adhere to the vascular wall and are rapidly cleared from circulating blood. Eryptosis is stimulated by an increase in cytosolic Ca(2)+(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in human adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) lead to multiple colonic adenomatous polyps eventually resulting in colonic carcinoma. Similarly, heterozygous mice carrying defective APC (apc(Min/+)) suffer from intestinal tumours. The animals further suffer from anaemia, which in theory could result from accelerated eryptosis, a(More)
BACKGROUND Sorafenib (Nexavar(®)), a polytyrosine kinase inhibitor, stimulates apoptosis and is thus widely used for chemotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hematological side effects of Nexavar(®) chemotherapy include anemia. Erythrocytes may undergo apoptosis-like suicidal death or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage and(More)
Dicoumarol, a widely used anticoagulant, may cause anemia, which may result from enhanced erythrocyte loss due to bleeding or due to accelerated erythrocyte death. Erythrocytes may undergo suicidal death or eryptosis, characterized by cell shrinkage and phospholipid scrambling of the cell membrane. Eryptosis may be triggered by increase of cytosolic(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication severely interferes with the oxygen-transporting function of haemoglobin. Beyond that, CO participates in the regulation of apoptosis. CO could be generated from CO-releasing molecules (CORM), such as the tricarbonyl-dichlororuthenium (II) dimer (CORM-2), which is presently considered for the treatment of vascular(More)