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BACKGROUND The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid β (Aβ)-42, total-tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated-tau (P-tau) demonstrate good diagnostic accuracy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there are large variations in biomarker measurements between studies, and between and within laboratories. The Alzheimer's Association has initiated a global(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore a possible interplay between cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) and thyroid function tests (TFTs) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We reviewed thyroid function tests in 19 patients with AD before and after treatment (Rx) with ChEIs. Immunoradiometric assays were used for measuring serum thyrotropin, free(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic and heavy alcohol abuse or dependence may result in impaired cognition and dementia. The increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older individuals interferes with the differential diagnosis, especially when dealing with elderly patients with a long history of alcohol abuse. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic(More)
Axonal damage is now being recognized as a common finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and a cause of irreversible neurological damage. Attempts to identify markers of early axonal damage are of great significance. This prompted us to examine the microtubule-associated protein tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS vs. controls. Tau(More)
We investigated the effects of add-on lamotrigine treatment on plasma glutamate (Glu) levels, in 29 epileptic patients. Plasma Glu levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography at baseline and at 1 and 3 months post-treatment. In patients with a seizure reduction of > or = 66% a decrease of Glu at month 1 was noted, followed by return to(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a genetically complex disorder, and several genes related to cholesterol metabolism have been reported to contribute to AD risk. To identify further AD susceptibility genes, we have screened genes that map to chromosomal regions with high logarithm of the odds scores for AD in full genome scans and are related to cholesterol(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total tau protein (tauT) is increased in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may be of some help in the diagnostic work-up of demented patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic aid and the additional help (over that of clinical criteria) of tauT in different clinical situations. Double-sandwich enzyme-linked(More)
Defective glutamate (Glu) metabolism and glutamate excitotoxicity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Glycine (Gly), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter, has been shown to potentiate excitatory transmission. In the present study, the levels of Glu and Gly in fasting plasma were measured by high performance(More)
UNLABELLED Interleukin-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine produced by activated blood monocytes, macrophages and glial cells. It enhances differentiation and proliferation of T cells and increases production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as Interferon-gamma and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha. There is little information about the involvement of IL-12 in the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for more than half of cases with cognitive impairment. With numbers of patients expected to rise sharply over the following years in parallel with the ageing of population, there is intense clinical interest in discovering modifiable risk factors that may contribute to the increasing(More)