Elisabeth Kapaki

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The aim of the present study was the quantitation of total tau protein (tau(T)), tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (tau(P-181)) and beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and controls. Double sandwich ELISAs (Innogenetics) were used for the(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of tau protein and amyloid beta(1-42) peptide (Abeta42) have been suggested as possible diagnostic markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to evaluate their diagnostic potential in clinical practice, we measured tau and Abeta42 levels in the CSF of 49 AD patients, 15 patients with non-AD neurodegenerative dementias(More)
BACKGROUND An early and accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is important in order to initiate symptomatic treatment with currently approved drugs and will be of even greater importance with the advent of disease-modifying compounds. METHODS Protein profiles of human cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with AD (n = 85), frontotemporal(More)
IMPORTANCE Cerebral amyloid-β aggregation is an early pathological event in Alzheimer disease (AD), starting decades before dementia onset. Estimates of the prevalence of amyloid pathology in persons without dementia are needed to understand the development of AD and to design prevention studies. OBJECTIVE To use individual participant data meta-analysis(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of age and education on the performance of the Trail Making Test (TMT), and to provide normative data in the Greek population. The TMT was administered to 643 healthy participants. All participants satisfied the criteria excluding dementia and other medical, psychiatric, and neurological disorders.(More)
Although trace elements have been implicated in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) for a long time, new evidence has connected familial ALS with the metalloenzyme copper-zinc superoxide dismutase, thus reinforcing the study of their metabolism. This work presents the results of serum and cerebrospinal fluid levels of copper, zinc,(More)
BACKGROUND The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid β (Aβ)-42, total-tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated-tau (P-tau) demonstrate good diagnostic accuracy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there are large variations in biomarker measurements between studies, and between and within laboratories. The Alzheimer's Association has initiated a global(More)
Zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and magnesium (Mg) concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum were determined with atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 74 patients suffering from various neurological diseases, and in 28 healthy controls. Increased CSF zinc levels were found in the group of peripheral nervous system diseases (P less than 0.01) and in the(More)
Axonal damage is now being recognized as a common finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and a cause of irreversible neurological damage. Attempts to identify markers of early axonal damage are of great significance. This prompted us to examine the microtubule-associated protein tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS vs. controls. Tau(More)
UNLABELLED Interleukin-15 promotes T-cell proliferation, induction of cytolytic effector cells including natural killer (NK) and cytotoxic cells and stimulates B-cell to proliferate and secrete immunoglobulins. RANTES is a C-C beta chemokine with strong chemoattractant activity for T lymphocytes and monocytes. OBJECTIVES The objective of our study was to(More)