Elisabeth Jenny

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In this study, myosin types in human skeletal muscle fibers were investigated with electrophoretic techniques. Single fibers were dissected out of lyophilized surgical biopsies and typed by staining for myofibrillar ATPase after preincubation in acid or alkaline buffers. After 14C-labelling of the fiber proteins in vitro by reductive methylation, the myosin(More)
By combining enzyme histochemistry for fiber typing with immunohistochemistry for slow and fast myosin a correlation between fiber type and myosin type was sought in human skeletal muscle. Fiber typing was done by staining for myofibrillar ATPases after preincubation at discriminating pH values. Myosin types were discriminated using type specific(More)
The fibre type IIM, present in the jaw-closer muscles of the cat, has a characteristic form of myosin. To analyse other proteins present in IIM fibres and the usual types I, IIA and IIB, 14C-labelled typed single fibres were analysed by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Whereas types I, IIA and IIB contained both alpha- and beta-forms of tropomyosin, IIM(More)
To analyse the fibre type composition of adult dog skeletal muscle, enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry for type I, IIA and IIB myosins, and peptide mapping of myosin heavy chains isolated from typed single fibres were combined. Subdivision of type II fibres into two main classes according to the activity of the m-ATPase after acidic and alkaline(More)
The effect of transferrins on hydroxyl radical formation from the superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide generated by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system has been studied by EPR using 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide as a spin trap. Neither diferriclactoferrin nor diferrictransferrin were found capable of promoting hydroxyl radical formation via the(More)
Using recently developed highly specific antisera to the full range of known adult mammalian skeletal muscle myosins, an immunohistochemical and histochemical examination was made of the middle ear muscle tensor tympani in the dog and cat. Approximately half the fibres were of the IIM type and there was a substantial population of apparently slow-tonic(More)
The immunological properties of myosins, especially their muscle-type, class and species specificity, are still controversial. It is the opinion of the authors that the lack of agreement might at least in part be due to the use of contaminated myosins as immunogens and inappropriate methods. We, therefore, purified myosins to a very high degree(More)
The influence of aging on the myosin type, and on the fibre composition of both the slowly contracting ("red") M. soleus and the fast ("white") M. longissimus dorsi was examined in the rabbit. For myosin characterization isolated myofibrils were electrophoresed on SDS-polyacrylamide gels, and the fibre pattern within the respective muscles was analyzed with(More)
There is good evidence for the coexistence of different myosin types both in developing muscles and in Purkinje cells from adult chicken hearts. In skeletal muscle fibres of adult animals, however, coexistence of fast (FM) and slow (SM) myosin has only been demonstrated after long-term electrical stimulation. The term 'promiscuity' has recently been coined(More)
Antibodies against myosin of the fast long. dorsi and the slow soleus muscle of rabbits were induced in guinea pigs. With the aid of a new technique, the gel-electrophoresis-derived-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay (GEDELISA) it could be shown that they are directed against the heavy and the light chains of fast (M. long. dorsi) and slow (M. soleus)(More)