Elisabeth J Smith

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The incidence of massive early subsidence (subsidence greater than 10 mm) following impaction grafting of the femur in revision surgery is reported. The first 79 consecutive revision total hip arthroplasties using morselized allograft, polymethyl methacrylate cement, and a double-tapered, polished, collarless stem were reviewed. Nine (11%) of the 79(More)
The first study of the reproducibility of a widely accepted grading system for femoral cementation in total hip arthroplasty is reported. Sixty postoperative radiographs were graded on two occasions at least 2 weeks apart by two experienced observers. The test-retest reproducibility rate was 60% for observer 1 and 70% for observer 2. The interobserver(More)
UNLABELLED Prolonged healing times and stress-shielding osteopenia remain problematic in distraction osteogenesis. In this study of 30 rabbits, zoledronic acid increased regenerate volume, mineralization, and tibial strength and prevented osteopenia over a 6-week period. Translation to the clinical setting, if safe, could improve outcomes in distraction(More)
UNLABELLED Bisphosphonates induce major increases in strength of callus in distraction osteogenesis in the short term. Poor understanding of the underlying mechanism, however, raises concerns about long-term consequences. In this long-term study in 32 rabbits, zoledronic acid transiently increased trabeculae by delayed temporal progression of endochondral(More)
Nucleotide sequence analysis of polymerase chain reaction products confirmed that ev21 integrated into one of two large homologous elements on the Z chromosome of late-feathering (LF) White Leghorn chickens. Southern blots of NotI-, NaeI-, KspI- and BamHI-digested DNA from early-feathering (EF) and LF White Leghorns, that had been hybridized with a probe(More)
UNLABELLED Osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head in childhood can lead to loss of femoral head architecture and subsequent deformity. When femoral head ON was surgically induced in 24 rats, zoledronic acid treatment and prophylaxis improved sphericity and maintenance of architecture at 6 weeks. This preliminary experiment supports the use of(More)
We evaluated the results of femoral impaction grafting with the Exeter stem (Stryker Howmedica Osteonics, Newbury, UK) and irradiated bone-graft. We followed 57 hips for an average of 27 months. Endo-Klinik grading showed 8 grade 1, 22 grade 2, and 27 grade 3 hips. Radiographic analysis revealed cortical repair in 34% and graft incorporation in 39% but no(More)
Loss of bone stock is a major problem in revision surgery of the hip. Impaction bone grafting of the femur is frequently used when dealing with deficient bone stock. In this retrospective study a consecutive series of 68 patients (69 hips) who had revision of a hip replacement with femoral impaction grafting were reviewed. Irradiated bone allograft was used(More)
A matched series Porous Coated Anatomic (PCA), Howmedica, Rutherford, NJ) cementless hip arthroplasties comparing a 26-mm with a 32-mm head were reviewed. The 26-mm head was used in 63 hips of 56 patients (group 1), and the 32-mm head was inserted into 97 hips of 90 patients (group 2). The two groups were matched for age, sex, and primary diagnosis. The(More)
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound has been shown to accelerate fracture healing. This experiment investigated its possible role in distraction. Thirty-four New Zealand White rabbits had distraction osteogenesis, followed by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy. Seventeen animals had the ultrasound transducer switched off (controls). Four and 6 weeks(More)