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Steroids may exert their action in living cells by several ways: 1). the well-known genomic pathway, involving hormone binding to cytosolic (classic) receptors and subsequent modulation of gene expression followed by protein synthesis. 2). Alternatively, pathways are operating that do not act on the genome, therefore indicating nongenomic action. Although(More)
According to the traditional model, steroid hormones bind to intracellular receptors and subsequently modulate transcription and protein synthesis, thus triggering genomic events finally responsible for delayed effects. Based upon similarities in molecular structure, specific receptors for steroids, vitamin D(3) derivatives, thyroid hormone, retinoids, and(More)
In the traditional theory of steroid action, steroids bind to intracellular receptors and modulate nuclear transcription after translocation of steroid-receptor complexes into the nucleus. Due to similarities of molecular structure, specific receptors for steroids, vitamin D(3) derivatives, and thyroid hormone are considered to represent a superfamily of(More)
BACKGROUND Steroid-induced gene regulation in the endocrine tissues and vascular wall is achieved through the interaction of specific receptor proteins and promoters of target genes. In addition to these delayed steroid actions, rapid effects of steroids have been reported in various tissues that were clearly incompatible with the classic theory of genomic(More)
Antisera against a porcine liver endomembrane progesterone (P4)-binding protein inhibited the P4-initiated acrosome reaction (AR) but not the ionomycin-initiated AR of human sperm. Indirect immunofluorescence studies detected antigen in the sperm head that moved during capacitation from a posterior head region to a midhead region. Moreover, the antisera(More)
Nongenomic action of aldosterone has been observed in many cell types which often are different from the classic target tissues for mineralocorticoid action, such as vascular cells. As judged from their time scale and insensitivity toward inhibitors of protein synthesis, effects are not mediated by the classic mineralocorticoid receptor pathway. Here we(More)
A chemically synthesized 15-mer oligopeptide derived from the N terminus of high affinity progesterone-binding membrane site(s) from porcine liver was used to generate site-specific antibodies. Western blotting experiments confirmed the specificity of the anti-peptide serum obtained. In further investigations this antiserum was used for the identification(More)
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