Elisabeth C. W. van Straaten

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One of the central questions in neuroscience is how communication in the brain is organized under normal conditions and how this architecture breaks down in neurological disease. It has become clear that simple activation studies are no longer sufficient. There is an urgent need to understand the brain as a complex structural and functional network.(More)
In recent years there has been a shift in focus from the study of local, mostly task-related activation to the exploration of the organization and functioning of large-scale structural and functional complex brain networks. Progress in the interdisciplinary field of modern network science has introduced many new concepts, analytical tools and models which(More)
We introduce a directed phase lag index to investigate the spatial and temporal pattern of phase relations of oscillatory activity in a model of macroscopic structural and functional brain networks. Direction of information flow was determined with the directed phase lag index (dPLI) defined as the probability that the instantaneous phase of X was smaller(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE On MR imaging, white matter hyperintensities (WMH) on T2-weighted images are generally considered as a surrogate marker of ischemic small vessel disease in elderly subjects. Pulsed arterial spin-labeling (PASL) is a noninvasive MR perfusion-weighted technique. We hypothesized that elderly subjects with diffuse confluent WMH should(More)
Age-related white matter changes (WMC) are thought to be a marker of vascular pathology, and have been associated with motor and cognitive deficits. In the present study, an optimized artificial neural network was used as an automatic segmentation method to produce probabilistic maps of WMC in a clinical multi-center study. The neural network uses(More)
AIM The authors investigated the prevalence of behavioural and psychological symptoms in vascular dementia (VaD) from baseline data of the VantagE study and compared the severity and relative frequency of symptoms between small-vessel VaD and large-vessel VaD. METHODS Behavioural and psychological symptoms of 484 VaD patients included in a large(More)
Brain connectivity studies have revealed that highly connected 'hub' regions are particularly vulnerable to Alzheimer pathology: they show marked amyloid-β deposition at an early stage. Recently, excessive local neuronal activity has been shown to increase amyloid deposition. In this study we use a computational model to test the hypothesis that hub regions(More)
BACKGROUND Investigating associations between the change of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and clinical symptoms over time is crucial for establishing a causal relationship. However, the most suitable method for measuring WMH progression has not been established yet. We compared the reliability and sensitivity of cross-sectional and longitudinal visual(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the concordance of a volumetric method for measuring white matter lesion (WML) change with visual rating scales. METHODS The authors selected a stratified sample of 20 elderly people (mean age 72 years, range 61 to 88 years) with an MRI examination at baseline and at 3-year follow-up from the community-based Rotterdam Scan Study(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of corpus callosum (CC) tissue loss on the development of global cognitive and motor impairment in the elderly. METHODS This study was based on the Leukoaraiosis and Disability (LADIS) study. Assessment of cognitive and motor functions and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were done at baseline and at a 3-year follow-up in(More)