Elisabeth C Roberts

Learn More
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways are necessary for cell cycle progression into S phase; however the importance of these pathways after the restriction point is poorly understood. In this study, we examined the regulation and function of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and PI3K during G(2)/M in(More)
Ribozymes are catalytic RNA molecules that can be designed to cleave specific RNA sequences. To investigate the potential use of synthetic stabilized ribozymes for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, we designed and synthesized hammerhead ribozymes targeting 15 conserved sites in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of HCV RNA. This(More)
The Id subfamily of helix-loop-helix (HLH) proteins plays a fundamental role in the regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation. The major mechanism by which Id proteins are thought to inhibit differentiation is through interaction with other HLH proteins and inhibition of their DNA-binding activity. However, Id proteins have also been shown to(More)
The expression of oestrogen receptor protein (ER) was examined in 151 cases of symptomatic or screening detected pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast by immunocytochemical assay (ERICA), in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue, with the monoclonal antibody H 222 (Abbott). Forty-eight tumours (31.8%) of cases were ER positive. Twenty-seven(More)
Bacterial chemotactic peptides (F-met-oligopeptides) are secreted by several species of commensal enteric bacteria and can be assayed by bioassay techniques in human colonic luminal fluid. We have previously demonstrated intestinal absorption and enterohepatic circulation of radiolabelled F-met peptides introduced into rat colon, and an eightfold increase(More)
Developing cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fibers, cultured in vitro with their associated ovules, were used to compare the effects of two herbicides that inhibit cellulose synthesis: 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (DCB) and an experimental thiatriazine-based herbicide, CGA 325'615. CGA 325'615 in nanomolar concentrations or DCB in micromolar concentrations causes(More)
The immunohistochemical expression of the p53 gene protein was examined in a consecutive series of 143 cases of pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast. Expression of wild-type and/or mutant p53 protein was detected in 36 (25.2%) of the cases examined, as evidenced by positive nuclear staining with the monoclonal antibody DO 7. Thirty-four(More)
It is known that excess amounts of Ski, or any member of its proto-oncoprotein family, causes disruption of the transforming growth factor beta signal transduction pathway, thus causing oncogenic transformation of cells. Previous studies indicate that Ski is a relatively unstable protein whose expression levels can be regulated by ubiquitin-mediated(More)
Previous eucaryotic RNase P RNA secondary structural models have been based on limited diversity, representing only two of the approximately 30 phylogenetic kingdoms of the domain Eucarya. To elucidate a more generally applicable structure, we used biochemical, bioinformatic, and molecular approaches to obtain RNase P RNA sequences from diverse organisms(More)
Serum response elements (SREs) play important roles in transforming extracellular signals into specific nuclear responses. The SRE-binding protein, serum response factor (SRF), plays a pivotal role in this process. Several transcription factors have been shown to interact with SRF and thereby create distinct complexes with different regulatory potentials.(More)