Elisabeth Becker

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PEX5 functions as an import receptor for proteins with the type-1 peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS1). Although PEX5 is not involved in the import of PTS2-targeted proteins in yeast, it is essential for PTS2 protein import in mammalian cells. Human cells generate two isoforms of PEX5 through alternative splicing, PEX5S and PEX5L, and PEX5L contains an(More)
The bacterial pathogens Chlamydia trachomatis and C. pneumoniae are obligate intracellular parasites, cause a number of serious diseases, and can infect various cell types in humans. Chlamydial infections are probably initiated by binding of the bacterial outer membrane protein OmcB to host cell glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Here, we show that all nine members(More)
Human peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are a group of genetically heterogeneous autosomal-recessive disease caused by mutations in PEX genes that encode peroxins, proteins required for peroxisome biogenesis. These lethal diseases include Zellweger syndrome (ZS), neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD) and infantile Refsum's disease (IRD), three(More)
Ascidians are a group of invertebrate chordates that exhibit a biphasic life history, with chordate-specific structures developing during embryogenesis (dorsal neural tube and notochord) and metamorphosis (pharyngeal gill slits and endostyle). Here we characterize the expression of a caudal/Cdx gene homologue, Hec-Cdx, from the ascidian Herdmania curvata.(More)
Infection of mammalian cells by the strictly intracellular pathogens Chlamydiae requires adhesion and internalization of the infectious Elementary Bodies (EBs). The components of the latter step were unknown. Here, we identify Chlamydia pneumoniae Pmp21 as an invasin and EGFR as its receptor. Modulation of EGFR surface expression evokes correlated changes(More)
The processing, intracellular transport, and endocytosis of the GM2 activator protein (GM2AP), an essential cofactor of beta-hexosaminidase A for the degradation of ganglioside GM2, was investigated in human epidermal keratinocytes. The GM2AP precursor is synthesized as an 18-kDa peptide, which is singly glycosylated, resulting in 22-kDa high mannose and(More)
The initial identification of the ALK gene, expressed as C-terminal part of the transforming fusion protein NPM-ALK in the t(2;5)(p23;q35) lymphoma-associated chromosomal translocation, revealed a novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). In order to expand the knowledge on ALK expression in the human system, we examined a panel of human cell lines for ALK(More)
Recent advances in the development of chlamydia vaccines, using live-attenuated or ultraviolet light-inactivated chlamydia, are paving the way for new possibilities to oppose the societal challenges posed by chlamydia-related diseases, such as blinding trachoma. An effective subunit vaccine would mitigate the risks associated with the use of a whole-cell(More)
The ATP synthase (F(O)F1) of Escherichia coli couples the translocation of protons across the cytoplasmic membrane to the synthesis or hydrolysis of ATP. This nanomotor is composed of the rotor c10γε and the stator ab2α3β3δ. To study the assembly of this multimeric enzyme complex consisting of membrane-integral as well as peripheral hydrophilic subunits, we(More)
Protein ProP acts as an osmosensory transporter in diverse bacteria. C-Terminal residues 468-497 of Escherichia coli ProP (ProPEc) form a four-heptad homodimeric alpha-helical coiled coil. Arg 488, at a core heptad a position, causes it to assume an antiparallel orientation. Arg in the hydrophobic core of coiled coils is destabilizing, but Arg 488 forms(More)