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The purpose of this randomized, prospective study was to identify factors influencing the psychological distress of breast cancer patients and their husbands during remission. Background variables and distress levels of 172 couples in two locations (Graz, Austria, and Jerusalem, Israel) were assessed by using three standardized instruments in two interviews(More)
The population in the western world has been aging while the cancer survival rates have been systematically increasing. Knowledge is lacking about psychological processes and effects of gender difference among middle-aged cancer patients and their healthy spouses. This study assesses psychological distress, coping and social support among middle-aged(More)
OBJECTIVE For patients who are terminally ill, the efficiency of symptom management is dependent, among other factors, on an accurate assessment by proxy raters. The aim of this prospective study is to describe differences in symptom severity ratings between patients and their nurses, physicians, and family members during their stay in different departments(More)
OBJECTIVE As a part of a European study, we cross-culturally examined the rate of emotional distress and maladaptive coping and their association with cancer patients' satisfaction with their interactions with the physician responsible for their care. METHODS Cancer patients (n = 302) from one Middle European (Austria) and two Southern European (Italy,(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease among women in developed countries. In Austria and Israel, it accounts for 15% and 18%, respectively, of all cancers and 30% of all cancers in women. The purpose of this study, conducted in Graz, Austria, and Jerusalem, Israel, was to determine whether different geographical and cultural settings(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) continue to be a distressing problem still reported by cancer patients, with negative consequences on quality of life (QoL). AIMS To prospectively explore the association of psychosocial variables, including emotional distress, maladaptive coping styles and the doctor-patient relationship, with(More)
Psychological distress and coping styles in women diagnosed with stages I and II breast cancer have attracted substantial clinical and research attention over the last several decades. The contradictory and, at times, controversial findings stimulated the present randomized research whose purpose was to explore the possibility and probability of predicting(More)
Age-related differences in emotional distress were examined by studying two random samples (N=424) of women diagnosed with early stages of breast cancer in Graz, Austria and Jerusalem, Israel. We found that psychological distress, coping abilities, and different perceptions of illness are attributable to socialization differences of age experience according(More)
This study reflects variables being depicted as predictors of global quality of life in current research. The evaluation was conducted at the Division of Clinical Oncology at the Medical University in Graz, Austria. A sample of 210 breast cancer patients between ages 30 and 80 years was assessed 1−5 years after initial diagnosis in a tumor-free stage.(More)