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Domestication of plants and animals promoted humanity's transition from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles, demographic expansion, and the emergence of civilizations. In contrast to the well-documented successes of crop and livestock breeding, processes of microbe domestication remain obscure, despite the importance of microbes to the production of food,(More)
Transport of glucose and fructose in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae plays a crucial role in controlling the rate of wine fermentation. In S. cerevisiae, hexoses are transported by facilitated diffusion via hexose carriers (Hxt), which prefer glucose to fructose. However, utilization of fructose by wine yeast is critically important at the end of(More)
Microorganisms are ubiquitous in all habitats and are recognized by their metabolic versatility and ability to produce many bioactive compounds, including toxins. Some of the most common toxins present in water are produced by several cyanobacterial species. As a result, their blooms create major threats to animal and human health, tourism, recreation and(More)
The genus Saccharomyces currently includes eight species in addition to the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, most of which can be consistently isolated from tree bark and soil. We recently found sympatric pairs of Saccharomyces species, composed of one cryotolerant and one thermotolerant species in oak bark samples of various geographic origins. In(More)
In order to assess the potential of several molecular targets for the identification, typing and traceability of cyanobacteria in freshwater reservoirs, molecular techniques were applied to 118 cyanobacterial isolates mostly sourced from Portuguese freshwater reservoirs and representative of three orders of cyanobacteria: Chroococcales (54), Oscillatoriales(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a PCR-based method of gene-directed multiplex PCR to rapidly identify microcystins producing cyanobacteria, regardless of their taxa, that could be applied in routine freshwater monitoring. Instead of using the amplification of only one or two mcy gene fragments, a multiplex PCR that simultaneously amplifies mcyA-cd,(More)
This report presents the description of a new Sporobolomyces species, Sp. odoratus sp. nov. The new species was characterized by DNA fingerprinting using the micro/minisatellite-primed PCR approach (MSP-PCR). A phylogenetic analysis using the D1/D2 region of the 26S rDNA revealed that Sp. odoratus belongs to a clade that includes Rhodosporidium fluviale and(More)
Here, we investigate a group of red to pinkish ballistoconidia-forming yeasts that were preliminarily identified as Sporobolomyces roseus or Sporidiobolus pararoseus. Detailed molecular and micromorphological studies revealed that the sexual strains and several conspecific anamorphic isolates belonged to a novel teleomorph that represents the sexual stage(More)
A species-specific method to detect and quantify Planktothrix agardhii was developed by combining the SYBR Green I real-time polymerase chain reaction technique with a simplified DNA extraction procedure for standard curve preparation. Newly designed PCR primers were used to amplify a specific fragment within the rpoC1 gene. Since this gene exists in single(More)
Microcystins (MC) are cyanotoxins occurring globally, known for causing acute hepatotoxicity in humans/animals, tumor promotion in animals and potential carcinogenicity. The mechanism of MC toxicity is considered a multi-pathway process involving the inhibition of protein phosphatases PP1/PP2A and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However,(More)