Elisabet Artursson

Learn More
Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by organophosphorus compounds (OPs) such as pesticides and nerve agents causes acute toxicity or death of the intoxicated individual. The inhibited AChE may be reactivated by certain oximes as antidotes for clinical treatment of OP-intoxications. Crystal structures of the oximes HI-6, Ortho-7 and obidoxime in(More)
Acetylcholinesterase was purified from human caudate nucleus and skeletal muscle. The enzyme preparations were used to study aging and reactivation by HI-6 and obidoxime after inhibition by soman and its isomers. HI-6 was found to be the most potent reactivator. For both enzyme preparations a higher reactivatability and a higher rate of aging were observed(More)
Organophosphonates such as isopropyl metylphosphonofluoridate (sarin) are extremely toxic as they phosphonylate the catalytic serine residue of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme essential to humans and other species. Design of effective AChE reactivators as antidotes to various organophosphonates requires information on how the reactivators interact(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an essential enzyme that terminates cholinergic transmission by rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Compounds inhibiting this enzyme can be used (inter alia) to treat cholinergic deficiencies (e.g. in Alzheimer's disease), but may also act as dangerous toxins (e.g. nerve agents such as sarin). Treatment of(More)
The nerve agent tabun inhibits the essential enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by a rapid phosphoramidation of the catalytic serine residue. Oximes, such as K027 and HLö-7, can reactivate tabun-inhibited human AChE (tabun-hAChE) whereas the activity of their close structural analogue HI-6 is notably low. To investigate HI-6, K027 and HLö-7, residues lining(More)
Bacteriorhodopsin and the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor were biotinylated and reconstituted in lipidic membranes on silicon supports by fusion with proteoliposomes. The presence and distribution of the proteins were studied by binding with streptavidin. Radio-labelled streptavidin was employed for quantifying the amounts of protein remaining in the(More)
Helicobacter pylori, a human pathogen colonizing the gastrointestinal tract, is first interacting with mucus glycoproteins to penetrate the gastric mucus layer and then attach to specific epithelial cell targets. An optical biosensor technique based on the resonant mirror was used to study H. pylori interactions with human gastric mucin. The mucin(More)
Type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein toxins (RIP-II toxins) were enriched and purified prior to enzymatic digestion and LC-MS analysis. The enrichment of the RIP-II family of plant proteins, such as ricin, abrin, viscumin, and volkensin was based on their affinity for galactosyl moieties. A macroporous chromatographic material was modified with a(More)
Organophosphorus insecticides and nerve agents inhibit the vital enzyme acetylcholinesterase by covalently bonding to the catalytic serine residue of the enzyme. Oxime-based reactivators, such as [(E)-[1-[(4-carbamoylpyridin-1-ium-1-yl)methoxymethyl]pyridin-2-ylidene]methyl]-oxoazanium dichloride (HI-6) and 1,7-heptylene-bis-N,N'-2-pyridiniumaldoxime(More)