Elisa de Lazzari

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BACKGROUND Current therapies for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV co-infected patients have a low success rate and are poorly tolerated. We have evaluated the efficacy and safety of interferon alfa-2b (IFN) + ribavirin (RBV) versus pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-INF) + RBV. METHODS Randomized, single-centre, open-label clinical trial including(More)
AIMS To investigate the clinical features, echocardiographic characteristics, management, and prognostic factors of mortality of aorto-cavitary fistulization (ACF) in infective endocarditis (IE). Extension of infection in aortic valve IE beyond valvular structures may result in peri-annular complications with resulting necrosis and rupture, and subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND Yaws--an endemic treponematosis and, as such, a neglected tropical disease--is re-emerging in children in rural, tropical areas. Oral azithromycin is effective for syphilis. We assessed the efficacy of azithromycin compared with intramuscular long-acting penicillin to treat patients with yaws. METHODS We did an open-label, non-inferiority,(More)
INTRODUCTION Lipodystrophy (LD) represents an important problem for HIV-1-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), although its impact on quality of life (QoL) has not been properly studied. DESIGN Cross-sectional, nonrandomized, observational study performed on consecutive, clinically stable outpatients taking HAART for(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the strategy of substituting nevirapine, efavirenz, or abacavir for a protease inhibitor in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in whom virologic suppression had been achieved. METHODS We randomly assigned 460 adults who were taking two nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors and at least one(More)
Current treatment guidelines for HIV infection recommend a relatively late initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Nevertheless, there is still a concern that immune recovery may not be as complete once CD4+ T cells have decreased below a certain threshold. This study addressed the long-term response of CD4+ T-cell counts in patients on(More)
Plasma stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 levels, SDF1-3'A polymorphism, and CXCR4(+) T lymphocytes in relation to resistance to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection and its progression were investigated in a study of HIV-positive patients, exposed but uninfected (EU) subjects, and healthy control subjects, all lacking CCR5 Delta 32 homozygosity.(More)
BACKGROUND Stavudine (d4T)-containing regimens are associated with a potential for lipoatrophy and dyslipidaemia. We assessed the safety and efficacy of reducing the dose of stavudine compared with switching to tenofovir or maintaining the standard dose of d4T. METHODS Clinically stable HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy containing(More)
Late diagnosis of HIV-1 infection is quite frequent in Western countries. Very few randomized clinical trials to determine the best antiretroviral treatment in patients with advanced HIV-1 infection have been performed. To compare immune reconstitution in two groups of very immunosuppressed (less than 100 CD4(+) cells/microl), antiretroviral-naive(More)
The relationship between adherence, antiretroviral regimen, and viral load (VL) suppression was assessed through a 1 year prospective follow-up study among 1142 HIV-infected patient. Patients on antiretroviral therapy who attended to the pharmacy during a 6-month period were considered eligible. Those included in the final analysis were patients who had(More)