Elisa Visani

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We studied changes in event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD), presenting with prominent action myoclonus. We analyzed the movement-related ERD/ERS in alpha and beta frequency bands in 15 patients using self-paced finger extension as a motor paradigm and we compared the results(More)
Myoclonus has different clinical and neurophysiological features in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD), probably because of a different cortical hyperexcitability profile. To investigate the role of intracortical inhibition in such different presentations, we used paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in ten(More)
Brain near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is an emerging neurophysiological tool that combines straightforward activity localization with cost-economy, portability and patient compatibility. NIRS is proving its empirical utility across specific cognitive and emotional paradigms. However, a potential limitation is that it is not only sensitive to haemodynamic(More)
PURPOSE Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) is the most common form of reflex epilepsy presenting with electroencephalography (EEG) paroxysms elicited by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS). To investigate whether the neuronal network undergoes dynamic changes before and during the transition to an EEG epileptic discharge, we estimated EEG connectivity patterns(More)
We used electroencephalography (EEG)-polygraphic recordings to classify myoclonus in 109 patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) on the basis of its electromyography (EMG) pattern, time course, distribution, and EEG correlates. We recorded myoclonic jerks in 55 patients (50.4%), and we classified them as periodic myoclonus in 28, rhythmic in 13, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study electroencephalography-electromyography (EEG-EMG) relationships in patients with different forms of progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PME). METHODS EEG-EMG auto-spectra, coherence and phase functions were estimated by means of bivariate and time varying autoregressive (AR) models in 15 patients: 8 with Unverricht-Lundborg, 4 with Lafora(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD) can be differentiated on the basis of their neurophysiologic profiles. METHODS Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), long-loop reflexes (LLRs), and the influence of conditioning nerve stimulation on the motor potentials evoked by transcranial stimulation in(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the clinical spectrum and etiology of progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PMEs) in Italy using a database developed by the Genetics Commission of the Italian League against Epilepsy. METHODS We collected clinical and laboratory data from patients referred to 25 Italian epilepsy centers regardless of whether a positive causative factor(More)
We performed simultaneous acquisition of EEG-fMRI in seven patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) and in six healthy controls using self-paced finger extension as a motor task. The event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) analysis showed a greater and more diffuse alpha desynchronization in central regions and a strongly reduced(More)
Brain near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is emerging as a potential alternative to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To date, no study has explicitly compared the two techniques in terms of measurement variability, a key parameter dictating attainable statistical power. Here, NIRS and fMRI were simultaneously recorded during event-related visual(More)