Elisa Viñuela

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Polyprotein processing is a common strategy of gene expression in many positive-strand RNA viruses and retroviruses but not in DNA viruses. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is an exception because it encodes a polyprotein, named pp220, to produce several major components of the virus particle, proteins p150, p37, p34, and p14. In this study, we analyzed the(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a T-cell derived molecule implicated in the clonal expansion of antigen-activated T cells and in T-cell development. IL-2 is also implicated in autoimmune disease, although its role is still controversial. Murine systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a good model for human SLE as most of the immunological abnormalities in the human(More)
Relationships between agents in multitrophic systems are complex and very specific. Insect-transmitted plant viruses are completely dependent on the behaviour and distribution patterns of their vectors. The presence of natural enemies may directly affect aphid behaviour and spread of plant viruses, as the escape response of aphids might cause a potential(More)
Kaolin particle films and copper-based products can be considered as possible alternatives to traditional agrochemicals used for controlling the dominant pest of olive grove areas of the Mediterranean Basin, the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Dip. Tephritidae), to which this pest has already evolved resistance. Psyttalia concolor (Szèpligeti)(More)
The swine white blood cells sensitive to African swine fever (ASF) virus are monocytes differentiated in vitro to macrophages. These cells have been characterized by their morphology, phagocytic capacity and the presence of receptors for swine immunoglobulin G in their membranes. ASF virus does not produce any detectable effect on macrophages from humans,(More)
Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is a very efficient generalist predatory mite of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), worldwide released in horticultural greenhouses. Here, the toxicity of sulfoxaflor and other ten pesticides to A. swirskii adults(More)
Insecticide selectivity to natural enemies is an important concern in integrated pest management programs. Although there is a wide range of information concerning pesticide lethal and sublethal effects on contaminated surfaces, little is known when the route of exposure occurs at a trophic level. This study evaluates this route of pesticide intake on the(More)
In the search for a durable pest control management, biological control agents and photoselective covers are suitable candidates to be implemented in greenhouse crops. In this work, we studied the effects of a 50 mesh photoselective cover compared to a standard with similar characteristics but without UV-absorbing additives on the performance of Aphidius(More)
Integrated Pest Management of insects includes several control tactics, such as the use of photoselective nets, which may reduce the flight activity of insects. Limiting the dispersal of pests such as aphids and whiteflies is important because of their major role as vectors of plant viruses, while a minor impact on natural enemies is desired. In this study,(More)
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