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Spinosad † (Dow Agrosciences) is a neurotoxic insecticide produced by fermentation of an actinomycete. Spinosad is classified as an environmentally and toxicologically reduced risk material and has been embraced by IPM practitioners as a biorational pesticide. We examined the available information on the impact of spinosad on natural enemies and classified(More)
The gene encoding protein p10, a structural protein of African swine fever (ASF) virus, has been mapped, sequenced and expressed inE. coli. Protein p10 was purified from dissociated virus by reverse-phase HPLC, and its NH2-terminal end identified by automated Edman degradation. To map the gene encoding protein p10, a mixture of 20-mer oligonucleotides based(More)
Spinosyn-based products, mostly spinosad, have been widely recommended by extension specialists and agribusiness companies; consequently, they have been used to control various pests in many different cropping systems. Following the worldwide adoption of spinosad-based products for integrated and organic farming, an increasing number of ecotoxicological(More)
Susceptibility of the lepidopteran parasitoid Hyposoter didymator (Thunberg) to seven modern insecticides, azadirachtin, diflubenzuron, halofenozide, methoxyfenozide, pyriproxyfen, tebufenozide, and spinosad, was tested in the laboratory. Pupae were exposed to different doses of each compound by direct topical application. At the field recommended doses,(More)
From the bark of Drimys winterii Forst., the drimane derivatives drimendiol, polygodial, isotadeonal and isodrimeninol were isolated. Complete and unambiguous 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift assignments of these compounds were achieved by COSY experiments, 13C/1H shift correlation diagrams and NOE experiments. Isotadeonal and isodrimeninol were found for the(More)
Effects on adult longevity, fecundity and fertility, as well as long-term effects on progeny were determined through oral exposure of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) adults to azadirachtin and methoxyfenozide. Both compounds reduced adult longevity by 2.3 d at the higher concentrations tested, but no significant differences were(More)
To further develop Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies against crop pests, it is important to evaluate the effects of insecticides on biological control agents. Therefore, we tested the toxicity and sublethal effects (fecundity and fertility) of flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin on the natural(More)
BACKGROUND The moulting accelerating compounds (MACs) or ecdysteroid agonists represent a selective group of insecticides acting upon binding to the ecdysteroid receptor (EcR) and leading to lethal premature moulting in larval stages and aborted reproduction in adults. Psyttalia concolor Szèpl. is a useful parasitic wasp attacking important tephritid pests(More)
Susceptibility to methoxyfenozide of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae was determined through exposure of neonate and fourth instars to dipped and sprayed pepper, Capsicum annum L., leaves. Methoxyfenozide and spinosad were tested against adults of this noctuid by oral, residual, and topical application. In larvae, we(More)
African swine fever virus contains nucleoside triphosphate phosphohydrolase activity which releases32P phosphate from γ-32P ATP at a rate of about 1 µmol/h mg of virus protein. The hydrolase activity is slightly stimulated by adding nucleic acids to the reaction mixture and under conditions of RNA synthesis. A study of the rate of ATP hydrolysis at(More)