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The objectives of the study are to evaluate DNase I serum levels and their correlation with soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) and with cell surface Fas expression in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), thus contributing to the dysregulated apoptosis typical of the disease. The methods include the following: Serum DNase I levels(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by vascular dysfunction that may lead to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). The N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proNBP), a marker of cardiac failure, is a diagnostic marker of early PAH in patients with SSc without heart failure. Our aim was to determine whether NT-proBNP levels may be a useful tool(More)
Schnitzler syndrome is a rare disorder characterized clinically by chronic urticarial rash accompanied by fever, arthralgia or arthritis, bone pain and lymphoadenopathy and biochemically by monoclonal gammopathy and elevation of inflammatory indices. The disorder is very likely under-recognized and its origin remains obscure although it may be included(More)
Human parvovirus B19 infection is responsible for a wide range of human diseases ranging from mild erythema infectiosum in immunocompetent children to fetal loss in primary infected pregnant women and aplastic anemia or lethal cytopenias in adult immunocompromised patients. Since persistent viral infection is responsible for an autoimmune response and(More)
Intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used with efficacy and safety in the treatment of patients with intermediate and high-risk superficial bladder carcinoma. Arthralgia and/or arthritis is one of the rare severe complications following intravesical BCG immunotherapy. We searched MEDLINE in order to analyze the frequency of this(More)
Hereditary hyperferritinaemia-cataract syndrome (HHCS) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the iron responsive element (IRE) of the l-ferritin gene. Despite the elucidation of the genetic basis, the overall clinical spectrum of HHCS has been less well studied as, to date, only individual case reports have been described. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND Iron may promote coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) by increasing lipid peroxidation. Studies on biochemical or genetic markers of body iron stores as risk factors for CAD have yielded conflicting results. METHODS We studied 849 individuals with a clear-cut definition of the CAD phenotype, i.e., with (CAD; n = 546) or without (CAD-free; n =(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic idiopathic urticaria is a common skin disorder characterized by recurrent, transitory, itchy weals for more than 6 weeks. An autoimmune origin has been suggested based on the findings of auto-antibodies (Abs) directed against either the alpha subunit of the high-affinity IgE receptor or the IgE molecule in nearly half of the patients. (More)
Schnitzler's syndrome is a rare clinical condition characterized by chronic urticaria, intermittent fever, bone pain, arthralgia or arthritis, and monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM) gammopathy. Here we describe the case of a 48-year-old Italian female with a long history of arthralgia, leucocytosis, spiking fever, and chronic urticaria with severe pruritus.(More)
BACKGROUND Human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have previously shown in patients with atherosclerosis that antibodies directed against the hCMV-derived proteins US28 and UL122 are able to induce endothelial cell damage and apoptosis of non-stressed endothelial cells through cross-rection with normally(More)