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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are prevalent cerebrovascular lesions predisposing to chronic headaches, epilepsy, and hemorrhagic stroke. Using a combination of direct sequencing and MLPA analyses, we identified 15 novel and eight previously published CCM1 (KRIT1), CCM2, and CCM3 (PDCD10) mutations. The mutation detection rate was >90% for familial(More)
Individuals carrying a mutation in one of the three cerebral cavernous malformation genes (CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2, CCM3) cannot be clinically distinguished, raising the possibility that they act within common molecular pathways. In this study, we demonstrate that CCM3 (PDCD10) coprecipitates and colocalizes with CCM2. We also show that CCM3 directly binds to(More)
Mutations in CCM1, CCM2, or CCM3 lead to cerebral cavernous malformations, one of the most common hereditary vascular diseases of the brain. Endothelial cells within these lesions are the main disease compartments. Here, we show that adenoviral CCM3 expression inhibits endothelial cell migration, proliferation, and tube formation while downregulation of(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) may cause recurrent headaches, seizures, and hemorrhagic stroke and have been associated with loss-of-function mutations in CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2, and CCM3/programmed cell death 10 (PDCD10). The CCM3/PDCD10 amino acid sequence does not reveal significant homologies to protein domains with known structure. With the help of(More)
A collaborative drug-use evaluation (DUE) of intraocular irrigating solutions (IOISs) at ophthalmic specialty hospitals nationwide is reported. Qualifying criteria for the use of an expensive fortified IOIS product were (1) the duration of surgery is more than 60 minutes, (2) the surgery is performed without a viscoelastic agent, (3) the patient's age is(More)
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