Elisa Romano

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The present study examined psychiatric functioning in a community sample of adolescents aged 14 to 17 years (average age of 15 years). We administered the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-2.25 (DISC-2.25) to 1,201 adolescents and their mothers to obtain prevalence estimates of DSM-III-R disorders and the amount of perceived impairment associated(More)
OBJECTIVES Children with hyperactive symptoms are often referred to mental health services. Given the frequency and persistent nature of hyperactivity, it is important to better understand its developmental course. This study identified the different developmental trajectories of hyperactive symptoms from 2 to 7 years and tested early predictors of(More)
In this article we replicate and extend findings from Duncan et al. (2007). The 1st study used Canada-wide data on 1,521 children from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) to examine the influence of kindergarten literacy and math skills, mother-reported attention, and mother-reported socioemotional behaviors on 3rd-grade math and(More)
The study identified independent individual, family, and neighborhood correlates of children's physical aggression and prosocial behavior. Participants were 2,745 2-11-year olds nested in 1,982 families, which were themselves nested in 96 Canadian neighborhoods. Hierarchical linear modeling showed that the total variation explained by the three-level model(More)
OBJECTIVE The study investigated histories of child maltreatment and psychiatric disorder in a high-risk sample of pregnant adolescents. METHOD Cross-sectional data were obtained for 252 pregnant adolescents from high school, hospital, and group home settings in Montreal (Canada). Adolescents completed a child maltreatment questionnaire and a psychiatric(More)
Children living in out-of-home care have experienced a multitude of adversities, often resulting in compromised functioning. The current study used Ontario Looking After Children (OnLAC) project data to estimate developmental trajectories of behavioral outcomes (i.e., conduct and emotional problems) over a 4-year period (i.e., ages 6-10 to 9-13) in 313(More)
OBJECTIVES Adolescents often experience different types of victimization across a specified period of time in different situations. These multiple victimization experiences can have a number of deleterious effects on psychosocial well-being. To expand on research gathered primarily from US samples, the current study estimated the prevalence of multiple(More)
Resilience, defined as positive adaptation and functioning following exposure to significant adversity, is an important topic of investigation in child welfare. The current study used data from the Ontario Looking After Children (OnLAC) project to estimate the prevalence of behavioral resilience (i.e., lower frequency of conduct and emotional problems,(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide age- and sex-specific estimates of methylphenidate use and to determine use changes over a 2-year period. STUDY DESIGN We examined the first and second data collection cycles of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, a Canadian household survey of children. Participants were children aged 2 years to 11 years at both(More)
This study examined agreement on aggressive and nonaggressive conduct disorder in a general population sample of 14- to 17-year-old adolescents (n=1165) and their mothers. We collected diagnostic interview data and applied latent class analyses to estimate inter-informant agreement. The preferred model for aggressive conduct disorder for both males and(More)