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Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is involved in the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. Several studies have shown that intranigral injection of lipopolysaccharide induces inflammation in the substantia nigra leading to death of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells. To better understand how the inflammatory(More)
Study of the tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme from substantia nigra and striatum during the aging period of the rat has discovered a significant decrease (55%) of TH activity in substantia nigra between 12 and 24 mo of age. The amount of TH in substantia nigra also decreased (30%) during aging. This loss in TH activity of substantia nigra appears to be produced(More)
We have investigated the age-dependent modifications in the expression of eight different subunits of the gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptor (alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha5, beta2, beta3, gamma2S, and gamma2L) and all four subunits of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylsoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor (GluR1-4) in the hippocampus of(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in arterial hypertension and propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) has been found to protect cells from toxic reactive oxygen species. In this work, we have evaluated the antioxidant capacity of chronic PLC treatment in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by measuring the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the lipid(More)
The present study aimed to investigate whether l-carnitine (LC) protects the vascular endothelium and tissues against oxidative damage in hypertension. Antioxidant enzyme activities, glutathione and lipid peroxidation were measured in the liver and heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Nitrite and nitrate levels and(More)
Increased neuroinflammatory reaction is frequently observed during normal brain aging. However, a direct link between neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration during aging has not yet been clearly shown. Here, we have characterized the age-related hippocampal inflammatory processes and the potential relation with hippocampal neurodegeneration. The mRNA(More)
PURPOSE Arterial hypertension is associated with a high production of reactive oxygen species and a decrease in the antioxidant defense systems. Based on the lack of toxicity of L-carnitine (LC) and previous studies reporting beneficial effects of this compound in experimental models of hypertension, the aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that LC(More)
During aging, there is a decrease in the activity of many enzymes. The mechanism causing the loss of activity is still not well understood in most cases. We have studied the decrease in the activities of the malic, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase and superoxide dismutase enzymes. The old malic enzyme is about 36% less active than the young enzyme and the(More)
Cu/Zn-Superoxide dismutase activity (Cu/Zn-SOD) was studied in liver from 3- and 24-month-old rat. A significant decrease of enzyme activity in liver of the aged rat was found. Various amino acid residues and protein carbonyl groups (CO) were measured in purified young and old enzyme. It was found that the 'old' enzyme had one histidine fewer and higher CO(More)
The short-term activation of the pentose phosphate cycle by insulin in rat adipocytes and hepatocytes has been studied. This NADPH-producing pathway is regulated by the activation or inhibition of different NADPH-consuming pathways. The stimulation of the fatty acid synthesis by insulin produced an increase in the flux through the pentose phosphate cycle.(More)