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Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is involved in the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. Several studies have shown that intranigral injection of lipopolysaccharide induces inflammation in the substantia nigra leading to death of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells. To better understand how the inflammatory(More)
We have investigated the age-dependent modifications in the expression of eight different subunits of the gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptor (alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha5, beta2, beta3, gamma2S, and gamma2L) and all four subunits of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylsoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor (GluR1-4) in the hippocampus of(More)
Study of the tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme from substantia nigra and striatum during the aging period of the rat has discovered a significant decrease (55%) of TH activity in substantia nigra between 12 and 24 mo of age. The amount of TH in substantia nigra also decreased (30%) during aging. This loss in TH activity of substantia nigra appears to be produced(More)
Increased neuroinflammatory reaction is frequently observed during normal brain aging. However, a direct link between neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration during aging has not yet been clearly shown. Here, we have characterized the age-related hippocampal inflammatory processes and the potential relation with hippocampal neurodegeneration. The mRNA(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in arterial hypertension and propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) has been found to protect cells from toxic reactive oxygen species. In this work, we have evaluated the antioxidant capacity of chronic PLC treatment in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by measuring the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the lipid(More)
PURPOSE Arterial hypertension is associated with a high production of reactive oxygen species and a decrease in the antioxidant defense systems. Based on the lack of toxicity of L-carnitine (LC) and previous studies reporting beneficial effects of this compound in experimental models of hypertension, the aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that LC(More)
The present study aimed to investigate whether l-carnitine (LC) protects the vascular endothelium and tissues against oxidative damage in hypertension. Antioxidant enzyme activities, glutathione and lipid peroxidation were measured in the liver and heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Nitrite and nitrate levels and(More)
The short-term activation of the pentose phosphate cycle by insulin in rat adipocytes and hepatocytes has been studied. This NADPH-producing pathway is regulated by the activation or inhibition of different NADPH-consuming pathways. The stimulation of the fatty acid synthesis by insulin produced an increase in the flux through the pentose phosphate cycle.(More)
The changes in the activity of the pentose phosphate cycle and the malic enzyme produced by the activation or inhibition of different NADPH-consuming pathways have been studied. The inhibition of the fatty acid synthesis by kynurenate produced a decrease in the flux through the pentose phosphate cycle and a diminution in the malic enzyme pathway. The(More)
We have studied the changes in the activity of the pentose phosphate cycle and the malic enzyme produced by the activation or inhibition of different NADPH-consuming pathways. Kynurenate, an acetyl-CoA-carboxylase inhibitor produced a decrease in the flux through the NADPH-producing pathways pentose phosphate cycle and malic enzyme. Acini (isolated from(More)