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Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is involved in the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. Several studies have shown that intranigral injection of lipopolysaccharide induces inflammation in the substantia nigra leading to death of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells. To better understand how the inflammatory(More)
We have investigated the age-dependent modifications in the expression of eight different subunits of the gamma-aminobutyric acid, type A (GABA(A)) receptor (alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha5, beta2, beta3, gamma2S, and gamma2L) and all four subunits of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylsoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor (GluR1-4) in the hippocampus of(More)
Study of the tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme from substantia nigra and striatum during the aging period of the rat has discovered a significant decrease (55%) of TH activity in substantia nigra between 12 and 24 mo of age. The amount of TH in substantia nigra also decreased (30%) during aging. This loss in TH activity of substantia nigra appears to be produced(More)
Increased neuroinflammatory reaction is frequently observed during normal brain aging. However, a direct link between neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration during aging has not yet been clearly shown. Here, we have characterized the age-related hippocampal inflammatory processes and the potential relation with hippocampal neurodegeneration. The mRNA(More)
1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) is the bioactivated product of 1-methyl-4-phenyl- 1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). The neurotoxic action of MPP+ injected intracerebroventricularly (ICV) in the rat has been studied, using dopaminergic systems in the substantia nigra, striatum, olfactory bulb, median eminence and hypophysis. The following results were(More)
To elucidate whether density of cells could contribute to the extent of microglial activation, we performed in vitro assays using three different densities of N13 microglia stimulated with LPS. Our results showed that induction of pro-inflammatory factors as TNF-α and iNOS was directly related to cell density, meanwhile the induction of the(More)
We have studied the turnover of dopamine, noradrenaline, and serotonin and their metabolites in hippocampus of adult female rats that were fed control or selenium-deficient diets during 15 days. Under these circumstances, there was an increase of dopamine turnover (4-fold) in rats fed with selenium-deficient diet with respect to controls and also an(More)
This paper focuses on organizational learning and knowledge management through research joint ventures (RJVs) and explores the conditions that influence RJV performance. Using data from 247 Europeans firms involved in RJVs we identified four groups of RJVs according to the perceived value of RJV and the RJV performance. The effect of the locus of RJV and(More)
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