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This paper aims at analysing the synthesis of flavonoids, their import and export in plant cell compartments, as well as their involvement in the response to stress, with particular reference to grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). A multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) as well as ABC transporters have been demonstrated in the tonoplast of grape berry,(More)
During maturation, Vitis vinifera berries accumulate a large amount of several anthocyanins in the epidermal tissue, whereas their precursors and intermediates are ubiquitously synthesized within the fruit. Up to date, several mechanisms of flavonoid transport at subcellular level have been hypothesized, but it is not possible to identify a general model(More)
Pea (Pisum sativum) stem mitochondria, energized by NADH, succinate or malate plus glutamate, underwent a spontaneous low-amplitude permeability transition (PT), which could be monitored by dissipation of the electrical potential (deltapsi) or swelling. The occurrence of the latter effects was dependent on O2 availability, because O2 shortage anticipated(More)
The immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporin A (CsA), induces the generation of a transmembrane electrical potential difference (deltapsi) in deenergized plant mitochondria incubated in sucrose-based media. Build up of deltapsi is prevented by external monovalent cations in the order K+ > Rb+ = Li+ > Na+, or by the protonophore carbonyl cyanide(More)
Pea stem mitochondria, resuspended in a KCl medium (de-energized mitochondria), underwent a swelling, as a consequence of K+ entry, that was inhibited by ATP. This inhibition was partially restored by GTP and diazoxide (K+ATP channel openers). In addition, glyburide and 5-hydroxydecanate (K+ATP channel blockers) induced an inhibition of the GTP-stimulated(More)
Soybean suspension cell cultures were treated by H2O2 or nitric oxide (NO), to assess the mechanism leading to programmed cell death (PCD). Hydrogen peroxide (5 mM) induced PCD. Cells become necrotic at 20 mM H2O2, with cells exhibiting intermediate hallmarks before that (necrapoptotic cells). The level of ATP and of glucose-6-phosphate remained constant in(More)
The present work reports changes in bioenergetic parameters and mitochondrial activities during the manifestation of two events of programmed cell death (PCD), linked to Abies alba somatic embryogenesis. PCD, evidenced by in situ nuclear DNA fragmentation (TUNEL assay), DNA laddering and cytochrome c release, was decreased in maturing embryogenic tissue(More)
This report demonstrates that mitochondria isolated from thermogenic Arum spadices possess an ATP-sensitive potassium channel--responsible for electrical potential (DeltaPsi) collapse and mitochondrial swelling--whose characteristics are similar to those previously described in pea and wheat mitochondria. In order to study the relationship between this(More)
A valuable method to isolate and purify mitochondria from embryonal masses of two coniferous species (Picea abies [L.] Karst. and Abies cephalonica Loud.) is described. Crude mitochondria from both species were shown to be intact, oxygen consuming (with malate plus glutammate, succinate and NADH as substrates) and well coupled (respiratory control ratio ca.(More)
Fruits and vegetables are rich in flavonoids, and ample epidemiological data show that diets rich in fruits and vegetables confer protection against cardiovascular, neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases, and cancer. However, flavonoid bioavailability is reportedly very low in mammals and the molecular mechanisms of their action are still poorly known.(More)