Elisa Petruccioli

Learn More
Protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains poorly understood and the role of Mtb-specific CD8(+) T cells is controversial. Here we performed a broad phenotypic and functional characterization of Mtb-specific CD8(+) T cells in 326 subjects with latent Mtb infection (LTBI) or active TB disease (TB). Mtb-specific CD8(+) T cells were(More)
OBJECTIVES Controversial results were reported on the role of polyfunctional T-cells in tuberculosis (TB). Our aim was to simultaneously characterize the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific immune response as cytokine production and memory phenotype by flow cytometry after in vitro stimulation with region of difference 1 ("RD1") recombinant proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Autophagy inhibits survival of intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis when induced by rapamycin or interferon γ (IFN-γ), but it remains unclear whether M. tuberculosis itself can induce autophagy and whether T cells play a role in M. tuberculosis-mediated autophagy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of M. tuberculosis on(More)
UNLABELLED There are still no reliable tests to distinguish active tuberculosis (TB) from latent TB infection (LTBI). Assessment of CD27 modulation on CD4⁺ T-cells has been suggested as a tool to diagnose different TB stages. OBJECTIVES To use several cytometric approaches to evaluate CD27 expression on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific CD4⁺(More)
Tuberculosis is a global health calamity. The causative agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), has evolved elaborate survival mechanisms in humans, allowing it to remain in a clinically latent infection state, constantly engaging the immune system, with the possibility to progress to active disease. Autophagy is a cellular process responsible(More)
OBJECTIVES Polyfunctional T-cells associate with chronic viral infection control while their involvement in tuberculosis (TB) is unclear. We evaluated TB-specific polyfunctional T-cell response and memory status in antiretroviral treatment (ART)-naïve HIV-infected patients from a low TB-endemic country. METHODS We prospectively enrolled HIV-infected(More)
OBJECTIVE In Indian HIV-infected patients, IP-10 response to QuantiFERON-TB Gold In tube (QFT-IT) antigens has been associated to tuberculosis (TB). However, specificity for active TB was lower than that reported by QFT-IT, making accuracy for TB detection questionable. To investigate this uncertainty, likely due to India being highly endemic for TB, and to(More)
RATIONALE Due to the invasive nature of the procedures involved, most studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific immunity in humans have focused on the periphery rather than the site of active infection, the lung. Recently, antigens associated with Mtb-latency and -dormancy have been described using peripheral blood (PB) cells; however their(More)
New approaches to control tuberculosis (TB) worldwide are needed. In particular, new tools for diagnosis and new biomarkers are required to evaluate both pathogen and host key elements of the response to infection. Non-sputum based diagnostic tests, biomarkers predictive of adequate responsiveness to treatment, and biomarkers of risk of developing active TB(More)
OBJECTIVES Independent of IL-28B polymorphisms, blood IP-10 is a promising biomarker for predicting therapy response in chronic HCV infection. Urine IP-10 has been proposed as a biomarker in tuberculosis, but to date, no urine biomarkers for HCV infection have been evaluated. In this cross-sectional study, we assessed whether IP-10 is detectable in the(More)