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OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) among immigrant female sex workers (FSW) according to their geographic area of origin and identify possible risk factors independently associated with current infection with CT and/or NG. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
Peroxygenic acid, under the brand name Virkon, has unleashed great debate following contradictory reports of its efficacy and spectrum of activity. The aim of this study was to test the biocidal activity of the compound against 10 different micro-organisms, following standard in-vitro test procedures. Bactericidal, fungicidal and sporicidal activities were(More)
BACKGROUND We recently identified polymorphisms in Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-encoded microRNA (miRNA) sequences from clinical subjects. Here, we examine whether any of these may contribute to KS risk in a European AIDS-KS case-control study. METHODS KSHV load in peripheral blood was determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial transmission events still play an important role in hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreading. Among most reported medical procedures involved in nosocomial transmission, endoscopy procedures remain controversial and might be underestimated. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate a case of nosocomial person-to-person transmission(More)
Within the framework of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence monitoring, we evaluated oral fluid (OF), which is richer in IgG than whole saliva, as a possible alternative to serum for the detection of HCV antibodies. Paired OF and serum samples were collected from 90 individuals, including 45 HCV-positives and 45 HCV-negatives. The detection of HCV antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid identification of the etiological agent in bloodstream infections is of vital importance for the early administration of the most appropriate antibiotic therapy. Molecular methods may offer an advantage to current culture-based microbiological diagnosis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of IRIDICA, a platform based on(More)
Molecular methods for bacterial pathogen identification are gaining increased importance in routine clinical diagnostic laboratories. Achieving reliable results using DNA based technologies is strongly dependent on pre-analytical processes including isolation of target cells and their DNA of high quality and purity. In this study a fast and semi-automated(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is the etiologic agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Several studies indicate horizontal HHV-8 transmission among children in areas where KS is endemic, but few studies have assessed acquisition of HHV-8 by children in low seroprevalence areas. Antibody screening was carried out for HHV-8 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) on 787 serum(More)
We report the evaluation of a new real-time PCR assay for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping. The assay design is such that genotype 1 isolates are typed by amplification targeting the nonstructural 5b (NS5b) subgenomic region. Non-genotype 1 isolates are typed by type-specific amplicon detection in the 5' noncoding region (5'NC) (method 1; HCV genotyping(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of recent HIV infections provides a description of the current pattern of HIV transmission and, consequently, can help to design better preventive interventions. Our study shows the first implementation in Spain of the Serologic Testing Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS) strategy. We assess the viability of(More)