Elisa Martró

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Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is the etiologic agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Several studies indicate horizontal HHV-8 transmission among children in areas where KS is endemic, but few studies have assessed acquisition of HHV-8 by children in low seroprevalence areas. Antibody screening was carried out for HHV-8 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) on 787 serum(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of recent HIV infections provides a description of the current pattern of HIV transmission and, consequently, can help to design better preventive interventions. Our study shows the first implementation in Spain of the Serologic Testing Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS) strategy. We assess the viability of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) among immigrant female sex workers (FSW) according to their geographic area of origin and identify possible risk factors independently associated with current infection with CT and/or NG. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
The reference method for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections is blood culture followed by biochemical identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of the isolated pathogen. This process requires 48 to 72 hours. The rapid administration of the most appropriate antimicrobial treatment is crucial for the survival of septic patients; therefore, a(More)
Hepatitis C virus isolates have been classified into six main genotypes and a variable number of subtypes within each genotype, mainly based on phylogenetic analysis. Analyses of the genetic relationship among genotypes and subtypes are more reliable when complete genome sequences (or at least the full coding region) are used; however, so far 31 of 80(More)
Thirty-one isolates from France and Spain were genotyped using a published method analyzing DNA sequence variation in open reading frame (ORF) 22, together with an evaluation of three well-characterized single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in ORF 38, 54, and 62. Nineteen were allocated to the European (E) genotype, six were mosaic-1 (M1), and two were(More)
Disinfection and antisepsis are of primary importance in controlling outbreaks of Acinetobacter baumannii, a nosocomial pathogen that frequently shows multiple antibiotic resistance. In this study we assessed the susceptibility of nine A. baumannii strains isolated during a sustained intensive care unit outbreak, to several antiseptics and disinfectants(More)
Molecular methods for bacterial pathogen identification are gaining increased importance in routine clinical diagnostic laboratories. Achieving reliable results using DNA based technologies is strongly dependent on pre-analytical processes including isolation of target cells and their DNA of high quality and purity. In this study a fast and semi-automated(More)
A study was designed to compare an avidity index method to the serologic testing algorithm for recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroconversion (STARHS) for the detection of recent HIV infection. One hundred sixty HIV-positive sera were tested. Both techniques performed similarly in identifying recent infections, although STARHS tended to(More)
Peroxygenic acid, under the brand name Virkon, has unleashed great debate following contradictory reports of its efficacy and spectrum of activity. The aim of this study was to test the biocidal activity of the compound against 10 different micro-organisms, following standard in-vitro test procedures. Bactericidal, fungicidal and sporicidal activities were(More)