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Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is a naturally occurring peptide that exerts known pleiotropic effects ranging from metabolic modulation to cellular development, growth and survival. IGF-II triggers its actions by binding to and activating IGF (IGF-I and IGF-II) receptors. In this study, we assessed the neuroprotective effect of IGF-II on(More)
INTRODUCTION Anemic patients may benefit from the various intravenous iron replacement options available. Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) is a new iron formulation (150 kDa) that can be given at high doses (20 mg/kg, up to 1000 mg) over a short period (≤ 15 min), without test dosing. AREAS COVERED This paper reviews studies dealing with the efficacy and(More)
BACKGROUND Requirements for allogeneic red cell transfusion after total lower limb arthroplasty are still high (20-50%), and post-operative intravenous iron has been shown to reduce transfusion requirements for this surgery. We performed a cost analysis to ascertain whether this alternative is also likely to be cost-effective. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data(More)
Anemia, usually due to iron deficiency, is highly prevalent among patients with colorectal cancer. Inflammatory cytokines lead to iron restricted erythropoiesis further decreasing iron availability and impairing iron utilization. Preoperative anemia predicts for decreased survival. Allogeneic blood transfusion is widely used to correct anemia and is(More)
BACKGROUND Requirements for allogeneic red cell transfusion after total knee arthroplasty are still high (20-50%), and salvage and reinfusion of unwashed, filtered post-operative shed blood is an established method for reducing transfusion requirements following this operation. We performed a cost analysis to ascertain whether this alternative is likely to(More)
Visual perception and memory are the most important components of vision processing in the brain. It was thought that the perceptual aspect of a visual stimulus occurs in visual cortical areas and that this serves as the substrate for the formation of visual memory in a distinct part of the brain called the medial temporal lobe. However, current evidence(More)
Perioperative anaemia, with iron deficiency being its leading cause, is a frequent condition among surgical patients, and has been linked to increased postoperative morbidity and mortality, and decreased quality of life. Postoperative anaemia is even more frequent and is mainly caused by perioperative blood loss, aggravated by inflammation-induced blunting(More)
Memory is central to our ability to perform daily life activities and correctly function in society. Improvements in public health and medical treatment for a variety of diseases have resulted in longer life spans; however, age-related memory impairments have been significant sources of morbidity. Loss in memory function is not only associated with aging(More)
Several gene delivery reagents were analyzed for their transfection efficiency. Genes studied belonged to the class of mammalian proteins termed regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS), ranged in size up to 2.2 Kb long and were transfected into the NG108-15, SH-SY5Y and CHO-K1 cell lines. Prior to transfection, genes were cloned into a nonviral vector pcDNA(More)
Schizophrenia is a major mental illness that is characterized by psychosis, apathy, social withdrawal and cognitive impairment. These abnormalities in patients results in impaired functioning in work, school, parenting, self-care, independent living, interpersonal relationships, and leisure. Although the search for the biological correlates of schizophrenia(More)