Elisa Mariani

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The tyrosine kinase receptor RET51 is expressed in distinct families of neurons where it promotes different functions. FKBP52 is an immunophilin with neuroprotective effects on different kinds of neurons. In this paper, we demonstrate that RET51 activation by both glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and NGF triggers the formation of(More)
We have studied mitochondrial bioenergetics in HL180 cells (a cybrid line harboring the T14484C/ND6 and G14279A/ND6 mtDNA mutations of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, leading to an approximately 50% decrease of ATP synthesis) and XTC.UC1 cells (derived from a thyroid oncocytoma bearing a disruptive frameshift mutation in MT-ND1, which impairs complex I(More)
BACKGROUND Protein content of preterm human milk (HM) is relatively low and extremely variable among mothers: thus, recommended protein intake is rarely met. OBJECTIVES To evaluate in a NICU setting if HM protein content after standard fortification meets the recommended intake, and also to check the effect of fortification on the osmolality of HM, as an(More)
A disruptive frameshift mtDNA mutation affecting the ND5 subunit of complex I is present in homoplasmy in a nasopharyngeal oncocytic tumor and inherited as a heteroplasmic germline mutation recurring in two of the patient's siblings. Homoplasmic ND5 mutation in the tumor correlates with lack of the ND6 subunit, suggesting complex I disassembly. A few(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubè (BHD) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterised by skin fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothorax and renal cancer. The association of benign cutaneous lesions and increased cancer risk is also a feature of Cowden Syndrome (CS), an autosomal dominant disease caused by PTEN mutations. BHD and CS patients may develop(More)
Human thyroid carcinoma XTC.UC1 cells harbor a homoplasmic frameshift mutation in the MT-ND1 subunit of respiratory complex I. When forced to use exclusively oxidative phosphorylation for energy production by inhibiting glycolysis, these cells triggered a caspase-independent cell death pathway, which was associated to a significant imbalance in glutathione(More)
Mitochondrial biogenesis is an orchestrated process that presides to the regulation of the organelles homeostasis within a cell. We show that γ-rays, at doses commonly used in the radiation therapy for cancer treatment, induce an increase in mitochondrial mass and function, in response to a genotoxic stress that pushes cells into senescence, in the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is diagnosed frequently in preterm infants. Pharmacological treatment of GER has some potential side effects. Conservative treatment of GER should be the first-line approach and should include body positioning and diet modifications. Formula-fed preterm infants experience frequently symptoms of feeding intolerance.(More)
BACKGROUND Apnea of prematurity (AOP) occurs frequently in preterm infants and a variable proportion of AOP can be induced by gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Conservative treatment, including dietary modifications, should be the first-line approach for both GER and GER-related apneas in this population. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of a(More)
Cysteine/tyrosine-rich 1 (CYYR1) is a gene we previously identified on human chromosome 21 starting from an in-depth bioinformatics analysis of chromosome 21 segment 40/105 (21q21.3), where no coding region had previously been predicted. CYYR1 was initially characterized as a four-exon gene, whose brain-derived cDNA sequencing predicts a 154-amino acid(More)