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BACKGROUND We physically interact with external stimuli when they occur within a limited space immediately surrounding the body, i.e., Peripersonal Space (PPS). In the primate brain, specific fronto-parietal areas are responsible for the multisensory representation of PPS, by integrating tactile, visual and auditory information occurring on and near the(More)
A mathematical model of short-term cardiovascular regulation is used to investigate how heart period variability reflects the action of the autonomic regulatory mechanisms (vagal and sympathetic). The model includes the pulsating heart, the systemic (splanchnic and extrasplanchnic) and pulmonary circulation, the mechanical effect of respiration on venous(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a total cavopulmonary connection on the main hemodynamic quantities, both at rest and during exercise, when compared with normal biventricular circulation. The analysis was performed by means of a mathematical model of the cardiovascular system. The model incorporates the main parameters of systemic(More)
Neurons in the cat superior colliculus (SC) integrate information from different senses to enhance their responses to cross-modal stimuli. These multisensory SC neurons receive multiple converging unisensory inputs from many sources; those received from association cortex are critical for the manifestation of multisensory integration. The mechanisms(More)
The effect of changes in arterial CO2 tension on the cardiovascular system is analyzed by means of a mathematical model. The model is an extension of a previous one that already incorporated the main reflex and local mechanisms triggered by O2 changes. The new aspects covered by the model are the O2-CO2 interaction at the peripheral chemoreceptors, the(More)
Electro-oculographic (EOG) activity during the wake-sleep transition is characterized by the appearance of slow eye movements (SEM). The present work describes an algorithm for the automatic localisation of SEM events from EOG recordings. The algorithm is based on a wavelet multiresolution analysis of the difference between right and left EOG tracings, and(More)
Object recognition requires the solution of the binding and segmentation problems, i.e., grouping different features to achieve a coherent representation. Synchronization of neural activity in the gamma-band, associated with gestalt perception, has often been proposed as a putative mechanism to solve these problems, not only as to low-level processing, but(More)
A simple mathematical model of the carotid body chemoreceptor response is presented. The model assumes that the static chemoreceptor characteristic depends on oxygen saturation in the arterial blood and on CO2 arterial concentration. The values of O2 saturation and of CO2 concentration are computed, from pressure, using blood dissociation curves, which(More)
This work presents a connectionist model of the semantic-lexical system. Model assumes that the lexical and semantic aspects of language are memorized in two distinct stores, and are then linked together on the basis of previous experience, using physiological learning mechanisms. Particular characteristics of the model are: (1) the semantic aspects of an(More)
In this work the main aspects of the short-term regulation of the cardiovascular system are reviewed and critically discussed, laying special emphasis on the role of the autonomic neural mechanisms involved, on their mutual interrelationships and complex integration. All these aspects are summarized with the help of mathematical models developed by the(More)