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To initiate phi29 DNA replication, the DNA polymerase has to form a complex with the homologous primer terminal protein (TP) that further recognizes the replication origins of the homologous TP-DNA placed at both ends of the linear genome. By means of chimerical proteins, constructed by swapping the priming domain of the related phi29 and GA-1 TPs, we show(More)
Bacteriophages phi29 and Nf from Bacillus subtilis start replication of their linear genome at both DNA ends by a protein-primed mechanism, by which the DNA polymerase, in a template-instructed reaction, adds 5'-dAMP to a molecule of terminal protein (TP) to form the initiation product TP-dAMP. Mutational analysis of the 3 terminal thymines of the Nf DNA(More)
This paper shows that the protein-primed DNA polymerases encoded by bacteriophages Nf and GA-1, unlike other DNA polymerases, do not require unwinding or processivity factors for efficient synthesis of full-length terminal protein (TP)-DNA. Analysis of their polymerization activity shows that both DNA polymerases base their replication efficiency on a high(More)
Bacteriophages ϕ29 and Nf from Bacillus subtilis start replication of their linear genomes at both ends using a protein-primed mechanism by means of which the DNA polymerase initiates replication by adding dAMP to the terminal protein, this insertion being directed by the second and third 3' terminal thymine of the template strand, respectively. In this(More)
Bacteriophage φ29 from Bacillus subtilis starts replication of its terminal protein (TP)-DNA by a protein-priming mechanism. To start replication, the DNA polymerase forms a heterodimer with a free TP that recognizes the replication origins, placed at both 5' ends of the linear chromosome, and initiates replication using as primer the OH-group of Ser-232 of(More)
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