Elisa Greotti

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The organization and mutual interactions between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria modulate key aspects of cell pathophysiology. Several proteins have been suggested to be involved in keeping ER and mitochondria at a correct distance. Among them, in mammalian cells, mitofusin 2 (Mfn2), located on both the outer mitochondrial membrane and the ER(More)
Communication between organelles plays key roles in cell biology. In particular, physical and functional coupling of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria is crucial for regulation of various physiological and pathophysiological processes. Here, we demonstrate that Presenilin 2 (PS2), mutations in which underlie familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD),(More)
The molecular components of the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake machinery have been only recently identified. In the last months, in addition to the pore forming subunit and of one regulatory protein (named MCU and MICU1, respectively) other four components of this complex have been described. In addition, a MCU KO mouse model has been generated and a genetic(More)
While mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis has been studied for several decades and many of the functional roles of Ca(2+) accumulation within the matrix have been at least partially clarified, the possibility of modulation of the organelle functions by cAMP remains largely unknown. In this contribution we briefly summarize the key aspects of Ca(2+) and cAMP(More)
Cellular signaling networks are composed of multiple pathways, often interconnected, that form complex networks with great potential for cross-talk. Signal decoding depends on the nature of the message as well as its amplitude, temporal pattern, and spatial distribution. In addition, the existence of membrane-bound organelles, which are both targets and(More)
Calcium ion (Ca(2+)) is a ubiquitous intracellular messenger and changes in its concentration impact on nearly every aspect of cell life. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) represents the major intracellular Ca(2+) store and the free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]) within its lumen ([Ca(2+)]ER) can reach levels higher than 1 mM. Several genetically-encoded(More)
Key mitochondrial functions such as ATP production, Ca2+ uptake and release, and substrate accumulation depend on the proton electrochemical gradient (ΔμH+) across the inner membrane. Although several drugs can modulate ΔμH+, their effects are hardly reversible, and lack cellular specificity and spatial resolution. Although channelrhodopsins are widely used(More)
Over the past years, the use of genetically encoded Ca(2+) indicators (GECIs), derived from aequorin and green fluorescent protein, has profoundly transformed the study of Ca(2+) homeostasis in living cells leading to novel insights into functional aspects of Ca(2+) signalling. Particularly relevant for a deeper understanding of these key aspects of cell(More)
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