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BACKGROUND Most cases of acute otitis media (AOM) follow an upper respiratory infection due to viruses, including influenza viruses. As effective and safe influenza vaccines are available, their use has been considered among the possible measures of AOM prophylaxis. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of an inactivated virosomal-adjuvanted influenza(More)
The aim of this study was to verify the frequency of atypical bacterial infections in children undergoing tonsillectomy because of severely recurrent acute tonsillopharyngitis (AT) and the possible benefit of surgery in cases in which Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae seem to play a role in causing the recurrences. A total of 118 patients(More)
The development of children who have syndromes with mental retardation and/or language delay can be worsened by sensorineural or conductive hearing loss (HL). Given the existing scarcity of data, we investigated the prevalence of otitis media with effusion and/or HL in 50 children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) aged 1-18 years, and its impact on the(More)
Reply To the Editor: Thank you for giving us the opportunity to reply. We believe that our article emphasizes the promise of our findings and the importance of confirmation with clinical endpoints in a multicenter study, which we are currently organizing. Very limited availability and the use of primary health care services in our country likely caused the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of clinical assessment of adenoidal obstruction based on a standardized score of the degree of mouth breathing and speech hyponasality (nasal obstruction index [NOI]) in comparison to nasal fiberoptic endoscopy. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study with planned data collection. SETTING Outpatient clinics of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence and persistence of bacteremia in children undergoing adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy for different medical reasons. METHODS We enrolled 130 children scheduled for adenoidectomy because of recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM, 15) or persistent otitis media with effusion (pOME, 33), or for adenotonsillectomy because of(More)
BACKGROUND Wolfram syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by diabetes mellitus (DM), optic atrophy (OA), central diabetes insipidus (CDI) and deafness (D). The phenotype of the disease has been associated with several mutations in the WFS1 gene, a nuclear gene localized on chromosome 4. Since the discovery of the(More)
Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusions on the risk of death, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Study Design and Methods This is an observational study. Data were entered(More)
Respiratory diseases are a major cause of morbidity in neonates, especially preterm infants; a long-term complication of prematurity such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is particularly relevant today. The exact role of the Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) in this area is not yet well defined; the PFT in newborns and infants--in contrast to what happens in(More)
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