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During mitosis in higher eukaryotes, nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) disassemble in prophase and are rebuilt in anaphase and telophase. NPC formation is hypothesized to occur by the interaction of mitotically stable subcomplexes that form defined structural intermediates. To determine the sequence of events that lead to breakdown and reformation of functional(More)
Centrosomes are closely associated with the nuclear envelope (NE) throughout the cell cycle and this association is maintained in prophase when they separate to establish the future mitotic spindle. At this stage, the kinetochore constituents CENP-F, NudE, NudEL, dynein, and dynactin accumulate at the NE. We demonstrate here that the N-terminal domain of(More)
In eukaryotes, all macromolecules traffic between the nucleus and the cytoplasm through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), which are among the largest supramolecular assemblies in cells. Although their composition in yeast and metazoa is well characterized, understanding how NPCs are assembled and form the pore through the double membrane of the nuclear(More)
The organization of the genome is nonrandom and important for correct function. Specifically, the nuclear envelope plays a critical role in gene regulation. It generally constitutes a repressive environment, but several genes, including the GAL locus in budding yeast, are recruited to the nuclear periphery on activation. Here, we combine imaging and(More)
In higher eukaryotes, the nuclear envelope breaks down during mitosis. It reforms during telophase, and nuclear import is reestablished within <10 min after anaphase onset. It is widely assumed that import functionality simultaneously leads to the exclusion of bulk cytoplasmic proteins. However, nuclear pore complex assembly is not fully completed when(More)
In metazoa, new nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) form at two different cell cycle stages: at the end of mitosis concomitant with the reformation of the nuclear envelope and during interphase. However, the mechanisms of these assembly processes may differ. In this study, we apply high resolution live cell microscopy to analyze the dynamics of single NPCs in(More)
Endoglucanase Cel6A from Thermobifida fusca hydrolyzes the beta-1,4 linkages in cellulose at accessible points along the polymer. The structure of the catalytic domain of Cel6A from T. fusca in complex with a nonhydrolysable substrate analogue that acts as an inhibitor, methylcellobiosyl-4-thio-beta-cellobioside (Glc(2)-S-Glc(2)), has been determined to 1.5(More)
N-terminal signal sequences mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) targeting and insertion of nascent secretory and membrane proteins and are, in most cases, cleaved off by signal peptidase. The mouse mammary tumor virus envelope protein and its alternative splice variant Rem have an unusually long signal sequence, which contains a nuclear localization signal.(More)
The organization and biophysical properties of the cytosol implicitly govern molecular interactions within cells. However, little is known about mechanisms by which cells regulate cytosolic properties and intracellular diffusion rates. Here, we demonstrate that the intracellular environment of budding yeast undertakes a startling transition upon glucose(More)
Do you have a favorite scientific journal? Although I have several favorites which illuminate my life, I am particularly fond of Cat News, a quarterly newsletter edited by noted conservationist Peter Jackson of IUCN. Cat News publishes short essays about new developments relating to non-domestic wild cat species, from lynxes to tigers to lions and snow(More)