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UNLABELLED The widely accepted interleukin-28B (IL-28B) rs12979860 C/T polymorphism and the more recently proposed vitamin D serum concentration are two novel predictors of the response to antiviral treatment in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to verify whether the IL-28B rs12979860 C/T polymorphism and pretreatment serum vitamin(More)
BACKGROUND Sympathetic and parasympathetic systems are considered the principal rapidly reacting systems that control heart rate. METHODS AND RESULTS We propose a symbolic analysis series to quantify the prevalence of sympathetic or parasympathetic cardiac modulation. This analysis decomposes the heart rate variability series in patterns lasting 3 beats(More)
Chest ultrasonography is a useful tool to assess extravascular lung water at bedside. In presence of interstitial-alveolar imbibition, vertical artifacts arising from the pleura are detected; these are called B-lines. Although a positive linear correlation between B-lines and extravascular lung water has been shown in symptomatic heart failure patients, the(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND Pretest probability assessment is necessary to identify patients in whom pulmonary embolism (PE) can be safely ruled out by a negative D-dimer without further investigations. OBJECTIVE Review and compare the performance of available clinical prediction rules (CPRs) for PE probability assessment. PATIENTS/METHODS We identified studies(More)
UNLABELLED Vitamin D deficiency seems to predict the unsuccessful achievement of sustained viral response (SVR) after antiviral treatment in hepatitis C virus (HCV) difficult-to-treat genotypes. Vitamin D binding protein (GC) gene polymorphisms are known to influence vitamin D levels. This study was performed to assess whether the interaction between basal(More)
BACKGROUND Low Molecular Weight Heparins (LMWH) are at least as effective antithrombotic drugs as Unfractionated Heparin (UFH). However, it is still unclear whether the safety profiles of LMWH and UFH differ. We performed a systematic review to compare the bleeding risk of fixed dose subcutaneous LMWH and adjusted dose UFH for treatment of venous(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms may confer susceptibility to immunologically mediated liver diseases. We aimed to verify whether recipient VDR polymorphisms might affect the incidence of acute cellular rejection (ACR) of the graft after liver transplantation (LT). Two hundred and fifty-one liver-transplanted patients surviving at least 1month were(More)
UNLABELLED Recent data suggest that vitamin A modulates the expression of type I interferon receptor enhancing the antireplication effect of interferon-α on hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among patients with chronic HCV infection and to assess whether vitamin A deficiency could be associated(More)