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Cholinergic deficits originated from NGF metabolism disruption, represent one of the early changes in Alzheimer's disease, where abnormal deposition of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) and phosphorylated Tau define the neuropathological hallmarks of the disorder. A failure in NGF maturation can promote pro-apoptotic pathway activation, through p75 receptor; while(More)
Determination of glyoxal and methylglyoxal levels in plasma is of great interest, since it allows us to evaluate oxidation processes occurring in glycated proteins. A method based on a simple derivatization procedure followed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis has been developed. Ten diabetic patients were evaluated before and after(More)
Surface-activated chemical ionization (SACI) was employed for the analysis of cocaine and its metabolite, benzoylecgonine, extracted from hair. Following decontamination and acid hydrolysis procedures on the hair sample, the sample solution was diluted (1:10) and directly analyzed by liquid chromatography/surface-activated chemical ionization multiple(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that perturbed cellular Ca2+ homeostasis may play a prominent role in synaptic dysfunction and neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting a potential benefit of drugs capable to stabilize Ca2+ homeostasis. We here investigated the effects of a panel of L-type Ca2+ channel antagonists on the secretion of the(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has recently been demonstrated to be a powerful tool for the rapid identification of bacteria from growing colonies. In order to speed up the identification of bacteria, several authors have evaluated the usefulness of this MALDI-TOF MS technology for the direct and(More)
Alteration of key regulatory kinases may cause aberrant protein phosphorylation and aggregation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated expression and phosphorylation status of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3), protein kinase B (Akt) and tau protein in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 20 AD, 25 PD patients(More)
The self-assembling of sodium bis (2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) in gas phase has been investigated by electrospray ionization- and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Large surfactant clusters with an aggregation number close to that found in apolar media have been observed either as positive or negative ions. Moreover, the(More)
Phosphorylation of α-synuclein (aSyn) on serine 129 is one of the major post-translation modifications found in Lewy bodies, the typical pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease. Here, we found that both PLK2 and PLK3 phosphorylate aSyn on serine 129 in yeast. However, only PLK2 increased aSyn cytotoxicity and the percentage of cells presenting(More)
We have recently described a class of systemically active inhibitors of the intracellular activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and traced extensive structure-activity relationships. These compounds, characterized by an N-alkyl carbamic acid O-aryl ester structure, exert potent anxiolytic-like effects in animal models. In the present study, possible(More)
The incidence of lymphomas, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), has shown a steady increase over the last decades. At the same time, the prognosis has improved. Given the longer survival of lymphoma patients, pathological manifestations related to malignancy might become more frequent. In this setting, the kidney is one of the most important solid(More)