Eliot M. Rosen

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Mutations of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 confer increased risk for breast, ovarian, and prostatic cancers, but it is not clear why the mutations are associated with these particular tumor types. In transient transfection assays, BRCA1 was found to inhibit signaling by the ligand-activated estrogen receptor (ER-alpha) through the(More)
The BRCA1 gene was identified and cloned in 1994 based its linkage to early onset breast cancer and breast-ovarian cancer syndromes in women. While inherited mutations of BRCA1 are responsible for about 40-45% of hereditary breast cancers, these mutations account for only 2-3% of all breast cancers, since the BRCA1 gene is rarely mutated in sporadic breast(More)
Modification by acetylation occurs at epsilon-amino lysine residues of histones and transcription factors. Unlike phosphorylation, a direct link between transcription factor acetylation and cellular growth or apoptosis has not been established. We show that the nuclear androgen receptor (AR), a DNA-binding transcriptional regulator, is acetylated in vivo.(More)
Mutations of the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1), a tumor suppressor, confer an increased risk for breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. To investigate the function of the BRCA1 gene, we performed DNA microarray and confirmatory reverse transcription-PCR analyses to identify BRCA1-regulated gene expression changes. We found that BRCA1(More)
Scatter factor (SF) [aka. hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)] (designated HGF/SF) is a multifunctional cytokine that stimulates tumor cell invasion and angiogenesis. We recently reported that HGF/SF protects epithelial and carcinoma cells against cytotoxicity from DNA-damaging agents and that HGF/SF-mediated cytoprotection was associated with up-regulation of(More)
BRCA1, a tumor suppressor, participates in DNA damage signaling and repair. Previously, we showed that BRCA1 overexpression caused inhibition of telomerase activity and telomere shortening in breast and prostate cancer cells. We now report that BRCA1 knockdown causes increased telomerase reverse transcriptase expression, telomerase activity, and telomere(More)
Previously, we reported that BRCA1 strongly represses the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) in human breast and prostate cancer cells but only weakly inhibits ER-alpha in cervical cancer cells. We now report that introduction of the human papillomavirus E7 or E6 oncogenes into human papillomavirus-negative cells rescues the(More)
Epithelia and mesenchyme interact during various physiologic and pathologic processes. Scatter factor is a mesenchyme-derived cytokine that stimulates motility, proliferation, and morphogenesis of epithelia. Recent studies suggest that scatter factor and its receptor (c-met) mediate mesenchyme/epithelia signalling and even interconversion. In this(More)
The cytokine scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF/SF) protects epithelial, carcinoma, and other cell types against cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by DNA-damaging agents such as ionizing radiation and adriamycin (ADR, a topoisomerase IIalpha inhibitor). We investigated the role of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signaling in HGF/SF-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND Scatter factor (SF), also known as hepatocyte growth factor, is an angiogenic cytokine that stimulates epithelial cell motility and invasion. Its receptor is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase encoded by the c-met protooncogene. Several prior experimental and clinical studies have suggested that SF might play a role in the development and(More)