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This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This paper develops a(More)
This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This paper assesses(More)
Whether Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus cell wall fractions can trigger the activation of prekallikrein was investigated in a mixture of purified human factor XII, prekallikrein, and high-relative-molecular-weight (Mr) kininogen. After exposure for 30 min to bacterial preparations (0.02-5 mg/ml) at 0 C, lallikrein amidolytic activity was(More)
Levels of components of the contact activation, coagulation, and complement systems and their main inhibitors were measured in 45 critically ill patients during 61 episodes of uncomplicated bacteremia or bacterial shock. Levels of Hageman factor (factor XII), prekallikrein, high-molecular-weight kininogen, factor XI, factor VII, total hemolytic complement,(More)
Peptidoglycans (PG) are cell wall fragments of gram-positive bacteria. The effect of PG on blood pressure, circulating leukocytes, and platelets was studied in a rat model. PG was able to decrease blood pressure and to induce leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. In vitro PG affected leukocyte function and was able to activate the contact activating system.
In Europe, organ centres such as Bio Implant Services (BIS) in cooperation with Eurotransplant, play an intermediary role from donation of tissue and organs to allocation and transplantation. They take responsibility for donor medical/safety screening and organize procurement. Tissue banks are autonomous and are responsible for tissue processing and(More)
Hemodynamic and metabolic effects of methylprednisolone were investigated in a double-blind study of 28 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), confirmed by unequivocal electrocardiographic and enzyme changes. Measurements were performed prior to and at 1.5, 3, 4, 4.5, 12 and 24 hours following infusion of methylprednisolone (13 patients) or(More)
In a double-blind randomized study, 30 mg/kg of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPN) or 15 mg/kg of mannitol placebo (PL) were infused in 28 patients after acute myocardial infarction. Measurements were obtained immediately before and after for 24 hours after the initial infusion. The partial pressure of oxygen at 50% saturation of hemoglobin (P50) did(More)