Eliot F. Young

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We observed Titan with the Hubble Space Telescope in November 2000 using the Wide-Field Planetary Camera (WFPC2) and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS). Considerable change is apparent between these and observations in 1994-1997 : in particular the North-South asymmetry at visible wavelengths has reversed, with the southern hemisphere brighter,(More)
Pluto's first known satellite, Charon, was discovered in 1978. It has a diameter (approximately 1,200 km) about half that of Pluto, which makes it larger, relative to its primary, than any other moon in the Solar System. Previous searches for other satellites around Pluto have been unsuccessful, but they were not sensitive to objects less, similar150 km in(More)
The accretion of bodies in the asteroid belt was halted nearly 4.6 billion years ago by the gravitational influence of the newly formed giant planet Jupiter. The asteroid belt therefore preserves a record of both this earliest epoch of Solar System formation and variation of conditions within the solar nebula. Spectral features in reflected sunlight(More)
Observations of Pluto and its solar-tidal stability zone were made using the Advanced Camera for Surveys’ (ACS) Wide Field Channel (WFC) on the Hubble Space Telescope on UT 2005 May 15 and UT 2005 May 18. Two small satellites of Pluto, provisionally designated S/2005 P 1 and S/2005 P 2, were discovered, as discussed by Weaver et al. (2006) and Stern et al.(More)
The near-infrared spectra of icy volatiles collected from planetary surfaces can be used to infer surface parameters, which in turn may depend on the recent geologic history. The high dimensionality and complexity of the spectral data, the subtle differences between the spectra, and the highly nonlinear interplay between surface parameters make it often(More)
Observations made during the New Horizons flyby provide a detailed snapshot of the current state of Pluto's atmosphere. Whereas the lower atmosphere (at altitudes of less than 200 kilometers) is consistent with ground-based stellar occultations, the upper atmosphere is much colder and more compact than indicated by pre-encounter models. Molecular nitrogen(More)
We present new imaging of the surface of Pluto and Charon obtained during 2002–2003 with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) instrument. Using these data, we construct two-color albedo maps for the surfaces of both Pluto and Charon. Similar mapping techniques are used to re-process HST/Faint Object Camera (FOC) images taken in(More)
Pluto occultations are historically rare events, having been observed in 1988, 2002, 2006, and, as Pluto moves into the crowded Galactic plane, on several occasions in 2007. Here we present six results from our observations of the 2006 June 12 event from several sites in Australia and New Zealand. First, we show that Pluto’s 2006 bulk atmospheric column(More)
The two newly discovered satellites of Pluto (P1 and P2) have masses that are small compared to both Pluto and Charon-that is, between 5 x 10(-4) and 1 x 10(-5) of Pluto's mass, and between 5 x 10(-3) and 1 x 10(-4) of Charon's mass. This discovery, combined with the constraints on the absence of more distant satellites of Pluto, reveal that Pluto and its(More)
During the period from 1985 through 1990, Pluto and its satellite Charon underwent a series of transits, eclipses, and occultations, which are collectively called ““ mutual events.ÏÏ The albedo distribution of PlutoÏs sub-Charon hemisphere can be determined from these events with a spatial resolution that surpasses any current direct-imaging schemes. We use(More)