Elio Tonutti

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BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common autoimmune rheumatic disease, but specific and practicable tests for its diagnosis are lacking. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a new commercial ELISA in detecting anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies for the diagnosis of RA. METHODS Anti-CCP antibodies were determined in 330(More)
This study was performed by the Italian Society of Laboratory Medicine (SIMeL) in order to establish the variability between the different analytical systems currently used in clinical laboratories for the detection of autoantibodies diagnostic of systemic autoimmune disease. Sixteen industrial, and two university laboratories participated in this study(More)
The Italian Society of Laboratory Medicine Study Group on the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Diseases has generated a series of guidelines for the laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases intendedfor the use of clinical pathologists and laboratory physicians. These guidelines are based on a systematic review of published works(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of antibodies to citrullinated peptides or proteins (CP) is a new test for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We analyzed the analytical characteristics and diagnostic accuracy of commercially available methods. METHODS We studied 11 commercially available 2nd- and 3rd-generation methods that used various citrullinated(More)
To the Editor: We read with interest the recent article by Mariz et al (1) on the possibility of discriminating antinuclear antibody (ANA)–positive healthy subjects from patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) based on the presence of the dense fine speckled pattern detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on HEp-2 cells. Both those(More)
Identification of genetic biomarkers of response to biologics in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a relevant issue. Being IL-6 a key cytokine for B cell survival, the interleukin-6 (IL-6) -174G>C and the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) D358A gene polymorphisms were investigated in 158 RA patients treated with rituximab (RTX). One hundred and twenty-eight (81.0%) were RF(More)
BACKGROUND Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) plays an important role in immunological assays for detecting and measuring autoantibodies. However, the method is burdened by some unfavorable features: the need for expert morphologists, the subjectivity of interpretation, and a low degree of standardization and automation. Following the recent statement by the(More)
OBJECTIVES Positivity of both immunoglobulin A anti-tissue transglutaminase (TTG) and anti-endomysium antibodies (EMA) has a positive predictive value of nearly 100% for celiac disease (CD). The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether patients of any age, with high pretest probability of CD and high titre of anti-TTG and EMA positivity, have(More)
Celiac disease is a complex disorder, the development of which is controlled by a combination of genetic (HLA alleles) and environmental (gluten ingestion) factors. New diagnostic guidelines developed by ESPGHAN emphasize the crucial role of serological tests in the diagnostic process of symptomatic subjects, and of the detection of HLA DQ2/DQ8 alleles in(More)
AIMS Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) was recently identified as the major autoantigen in coeliac disease. The aim of this multicentre study was to evaluate the impact of a new immunoenzymatic assay for the detection of IgA anti-tGT antibodies. METHODS Seventy four Italian and French clinical laboratories participated in this study; anti-tTG IgA with an(More)