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This study was performed by the Italian Society of Laboratory Medicine (SIMeL) in order to establish the variability between the different analytical systems currently used in clinical laboratories for the detection of autoantibodies diagnostic of systemic autoimmune disease. Sixteen industrial, and two university laboratories participated in this study(More)
Celiac disease (CD) may be found in association with other autoimmune diseases. We investigated the relation between autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and CD by assessing the prevalence of IgA and IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies in AIH, and by verifying whether the findings were associated with clinical and histological features of CD.(More)
OBJECTIVES Positivity of both immunoglobulin A anti-tissue transglutaminase (TTG) and anti-endomysium antibodies (EMA) has a positive predictive value of nearly 100% for celiac disease (CD). The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether patients of any age, with high pretest probability of CD and high titre of anti-TTG and EMA positivity, have(More)
CONTEXT Anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) are a heterogeneous group of autoantibodies, the presence of which is associated with thrombotic events and miscarriage. OBJECTIVE To establish whether antibodies directed against phospholipid-binding plasma proteins such as beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI), prothrombin (PT), and annexin V (Anx V) constitute a(More)
This study describes the multilineage differentiation pattern of purified CD34+ stem cells obtained from human umbilical cord blood. CD34+ cells were collected from 49 umbilical cord blood samples. Following immunomagnetic purification, cells were double stained with anti CD34 and CD71, CD61, CD7, CD19, CD33, CD36 and triple stained with anti CD34, CD38 and(More)
BACKGROUND Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) plays an important role in immunological assays for detecting and measuring autoantibodies. However, the method is burdened by some unfavorable features: the need for expert morphologists, the subjectivity of interpretation, and a low degree of standardization and automation. Following the recent statement by the(More)
AIMS Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) was recently identified as the major autoantigen in coeliac disease. The aim of this multicentre study was to evaluate the impact of a new immunoenzymatic assay for the detection of IgA anti-tGT antibodies. METHODS Seventy four Italian and French clinical laboratories participated in this study; anti-tTG IgA with an(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between the risk of celiac disease and both the age at which gluten is introduced to a child's diet and a child's early dietary pattern is unclear. METHODS We randomly assigned 832 newborns who had a first-degree relative with celiac disease to the introduction of dietary gluten at 6 months (group A) or 12 months (group B). The(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the diagnostic characteristics of commercially available IgG anti-tTG assays in selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD), we tested different IgG anti-tTG methods and compared the results with those obtained from two other tests: one for IgG anti-gliadin (AGA) and one for IgG to deaminated gliadin peptides (DGP). METHODS 20 CD patients with(More)
An association between celiac disease (CD) and other autoimmune diseases such as connective tissue diseases (CTD), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has been reported in several studies. However, a high rate of false positives in autoantibody testing was noted, especially when tissue transglutaminase (tTG) from guinea(More)