Elio Castagnola

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OBJECTIVE To describe and evaluate the incidence and risk factors of severe neurologic events (SNE) in pediatric recipients of allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hematologic or nonhematologic diseases. METHODS Retrospective analysis of 272 consecutive children admitted to the G. Gaslini Children's Research(More)
BACKGROUND Fungal infections are diagnosed increasingly often in patients affected by hematological diseases and their mortality has remained high. The recent development of new antifungal drugs gives the clinician the possibility to assess the combination of antifungal drugs with in-vitro or in animal-model synergistic effect. METHODS We analyzed(More)
Varicella-associated stroke has been reported with increasing frequency in recent years. In many cases, diagnosis is difficult because of the late onset of manifestations after the acute infectious episode. Four cases of cerebrovascular disease after varicella infection were observed. Three children presented hemiparesis and one facial paresis. The(More)
The most intensive chemotherapy regimens were used in the past for leukemia patients who were the main focus of trials on infections; today there are increasing numbers of children with solid cancer and considerable risk of infection who do receive intensive standard-dose chemotherapy. Despite a continuous will to protect the immune-compromised child from(More)
Infections represent a well-known complication of antineoplastic chemotherapy that may cause delay of treatment, with alteration of the antineoplastic program and dose-intensity, or even the death of a patient that could heal from his/her neoplasia. Bacterial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who are neutropenic following(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Over the last decades, TB has also emerged in the pediatric population. Epidemiologic data of childhood TB are still limited and there is an urgent need of more data on very large cohorts. A multicenter study was conducted in 27 pediatric hospitals, pediatric wards, and public health centers(More)
BACKGROUND Risk-stratified management of fever with neutropenia (FN), allows intensive management of high-risk cases and early discharge of low-risk cases. No single, internationally validated, prediction model of the risk of adverse outcomes exists for children and young people. An individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was undertaken to devise one.(More)
Febrile episodes and infections represent important complications during antineoplastic chemotherapy for pediatric neoplastic diseases. In the last years many international association published guidelines for the management of these complications in adults, but no document of this type was prepared for children. One of the major causes of this situation is(More)
BACKGROUND Primary intracranial hydatid cyst is a rare location of human echinococcosis whose spontaneous, traumatic or even iatrogenic rupture, as in case of misdiagnosis, may cause anaphylactic reactions and dissemination. CASE REPORT We discuss the management of a 9-year-old boy who was admitted to our Emergency Department with an intracranial(More)
INTRODUCTION Hand decontamination with alcohol-based antiseptic agents is considered the best practise to reduce healthcare associated infections. We present a new method to monitor hand hygiene, introduced in a tertiary care pediatric hospital in Northern Italy, which estimates the mean number of daily hand decontamination procedures performed per patient.(More)